Kayan mata

geminidas da halayensu

A yau zamuyi magana ne akan daya daga cikin yanayin meteor wanda yake da matukar tasiri kuma yakamata a gani. Labari ne game da sanyi Kayan mata. Aungiyar taurari ce wacce take da alama ta fito ne daga wani matsayi a cikin ƙungiyar taurarin Gemini, saboda haka sunan ta, kuma ana iya ganin ta daga farkon zuwa tsakiyar Disamba. Yana da ƙwanƙwara wanda ke faruwa kusan 14th na waccan watan a kowace shekara kuma shine lokacin da zaku iya kiyaye 100 ko sama da meteors a kowace awa.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Matan mata, halayen su da yadda zaku gansu.

Babban fasali

meteor shawa

Duk lokacin da yanayin sararin samaniya ya dace, suna da isasshen ganuwa kuma dare ne maras wata, ana iya ganin su fiye da 100 meteors a kowace awa yayin da ranar Geminids take. Wannan ya sanya shi mafi tasirin meteor shawa wanda za'a iya gani a yau. Wannan algae daidai yake da quadrantids wanda yake bayyana a watan Janairu.

Baya ga tsananin zafin rana, karfin jiji da rana ke aiki kuma zai iya ratsawa ta cikin layin taurari ko tauraron dan adam. Ragowar suna kasancewa cikin kewayawa suna motsi cikin sauri da sauri, kuma idan Duniya ta kusa kusa, sukan shiga cikin yanayi. Rikicin da ya faru sanadiyyar tuntuɓar iskar gas yana iya rufe su, yana bayyana kamar walƙiyar haske a wuri mai tsayi, kuma zafin rana yana ƙafe meteor gaba ɗaya.

Rarelyarƙashin da wuya ya faɗi ƙasa. A wannan yanayin, ana kiransu meteorites, kuma idan har yanzu suna cikin kewaya, ana kiransu meteoroids. Ta wannan hanyar, ana rarraba tarkace, ya danganta da shin yana wajen sararin samaniya ko kuma yana cikin sararin samaniya, ko kuma daga ƙarshe ya sauka.

Asalin matan mata

Za a watsa ruwan sama na mata kai tsaye daga Teide Observatory

Geminids wani rukuni ne na ruwan meteor wanda baƙon abu ba ne don asalinsu wanda ba tauraro mai wutsiya ba, amma tauraron dan adam. Sanannen sanannen sanannen sanannen mai suna Phaeton kuma an gano shi ne a shekarar 1983, kusan dukkanin ruwan meteor ana yinsu ne da tauraruwa masu wutsiya saboda haka matan mata sune banda.

Masana ilmin taurari basu yarda da yanayin wannan abu ba saboda yana da alamun hadadden tauraron dan adam, duk da cewa lura bai bayyana irin yanayin cometon comet din ba. Babban bambancin dake tsakanin jikin samaniya da wani shine cewa comets galibi ana yinsu ne da kankara, yayin da tauraron taurari dole ne ya zama kankara.

Akwai wani zato cewa Phaeton wani tauraro ne mai wutsiya shekara 2000 da suka wuce, amma lokacin da yake kusa da rana, ƙarfinsa ya haifar da wani babban bala'i, falakin ya canza sosai, ya bar tarkace da yawa, a yau muna kiransa Geminids.

Da alama dai ruwan wanka na meteor na Gemini bai bayyana nan da nan bayan wannan taron ba, saboda rikodin farko na bayyanar su ya fara ne tun 1862. A gefe guda kuma, wasu shawa na meteor, kamar yadda Labarai kuma Leonids da kansu, sun kasance cikin ƙarni da yawa.

Haƙiƙa ita ce ko da ruwan sama yana da alaƙa da tarkacen da tauraron taurari da tauraruwa masu tauraro ke bari, ba koyaushe ba ne ake ganin tarkace ta hanyar kusanci na kowace shekara.

Tarkacen da suka haifar da yanayin wannan shekarar wataƙila an ƙirƙira su tuntuni kuma sun kasance a cikin kewayawa tun daga lokacin. Amma dole ne muyi la’akari da cewa kewayen basu tsaya ba, suna canzawa ne saboda mu’amala da wasu abubuwa.

Bayanin Geminids

mata

Geminids ana kiranta saboda suna fitowa daga wani wuri a cikin taurarin Gemini wanda ake kira mai haske. Wannan kawai tasirin hangen nesa ne, saboda hanyoyin suna daidaita kuma suna bayyana haɗuwa daga nesa, kamar waƙoƙin jirgin ƙasa. Amma yana samar da hanyar suna don duk manyan ruwan meteor, don haka waɗannan shawa na meteor ana kiran su ne bayan ƙungiyar tauraruwa inda wurin haskakawa yake.

Ana fara ganin ruwan wankan kusan 4 ga Disamba kuma ya ci gaba har zuwa 17, tare da ƙimar aiki kusa da 13 ko 14. Zenith hourly rate, rhythm na zenith ko THZ shine adadin meteors a kowace awa a cikin kyakkyawan yanayin ganuwa , gami da sararin samaniya mara haske da haske.

Yawan zenith na Geminid meteor shower yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi girma: 100-120 meteors a kowace awa, wanda ke nuna cewa gutsutsuren da Phaeton ya bari bai bazu sosai ba kawo yanzu. Bugu da ƙari kuma, abubuwan lura sun nuna cewa zenith ya haɓaka kaɗan tun lokacin da aka gano ruwan sama.

Lissafin yawan jama'a yana auna hasken hanyoyin da gungun meteor suka bari, kuma ruwan sama na Gemini meteor ya kasance rawaya. Ya dogara da dalilai irin su taro da saurin meteor, kuma an wakilta ta r.

Kusan kusan koyaushe an saita shi zuwa 2, amma a cikin lissafin lissafi wanda aka daidaita zuwa halayyar Gemini, ƙimar ita ce r = 2.4, wanda yake shi ne 2.6 yayin matsakaicin lokacin aiki. Da kanta, launin rawaya yana nuna yiwuwar ƙarfe da sodium a cikin abubuwan gutsurar.

Yaushe da yadda ake kiyaye su

Don kiyaye Geminids za mu iya zuwa ko'ina cikin duniya. Ana iya ganin su daga sassan duniya biyu, kodayake ana iya ganin sa da kyau daga arewacin duniya. Haskakawa zata fara bayyana da rana, yayin da a kudanci zaku jira tsakar dare. Kamar kowane tauraron shawa, saurin meteor na kowane lokaci yana ƙaruwa yayin lokaci kuma annuri yafi sama. Mafi kyaun lokutan kiyaye tsawan meteor wanda yayi daidai da Geminids shine lokacin asuba har zuwa fitowar rana.

Da rana ruwan sama ya ci gaba, amma ya fi wahalar fahimta tunda saurin gutsutsuren ba mai sauri ba ne idan aka kwatanta da sauran ruwan meteor. Mafi kyawun lura Ana yin su ta zaɓar wani wuri nesa da gurɓataccen haske na gari da fatan wata rana cewa babu wata a sama kuma muna kan tsayi mai kyau. Za'a ga meteors sunfi yawa tare da tafiyar dare.

Ina fatan cewa da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da Matan mata da halayen su.


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