Kerch Strait

Ofayan tsibirin da ke da mahimmancin dabaru shine Kerch Strait. Tun da wannan mashigar yana ba da mahimmancin dabaru sosai, ya kasance tushen rikice-rikice da yawa tsakanin Ukraine da Rasha. Daga cikin waɗannan wurare akwai abubuwan da suka faru da yawa saboda wanda ya mallaki wannan yanki mai mahimmanci. Lamarin na baya-bayan nan a cikin shekarar 2014 shi ma ya nuna tsananin damuwar da ke tsakanin kasashen biyu, musamman tunda Rasha ta hade yankin Crimea na kasar Ukraine.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku game da halaye da mahimmancin dabaru da kuma gine-ginen da aka yi a cikin mashigar ruwa ta Kerch.

Panorama na Kerch Strait

Kerch Strait

Kogin Kerch ya haɗu da Tekun Azov da Bahar Maliya. Wannan ya zama babbar hanyar haɗi a cikin sarkar da ke haɗa Rasha da Bahar Rum. Godiya ga wannan mashigar, Rasha na iya karɓar albarkatu daga Bahar Rum. Gina gadar Kerch Strait na ɗaya daga cikin mabuɗan ƙarfafa alaƙar da ke tsakanin Moscow da Crimea bayan haɗa ta. Wannan saboda wannan gada ta ƙetare ruwan duniya. An sanar da raba wannan gada don haɗa yankin zuwa cikin hanyar sufuri ta Rasha kuma, a ƙarshe, an san cewa yana ba da ikon ƙarshe na duk hanyoyin hanyoyin ruwa a ciki da wajen Tekun Azov.

Rasha ta yi amfani da gadar Kerch Strait a matsayin makamin siyasa da tattalin arziki. Dalilinku na samun damar kafa doka a kan wannan gada ita ce ta samar da dalilan tsaro. A saboda wannan dalili, hukumomin Rasha suna ba da jiragen ruwa na 'yan kasuwa da ke wucewa ƙarƙashin wannan gada zuwa dogon bincike. Waɗannan binciken, sau da yawa, na iya ɗaukar kwanaki da yawa. Waɗannan jiragen ruwan 'yan kasuwa galibi an shirya su ne zuwa tashar jirgin ruwan Ukraine a Tekun Azov.

Wannan na daga cikin dalilan da yasa hukumomin yankin na Yukren suke zargin Rasha da tozarta su ta fuskar tattalin arziki don amfanin tashoshin jiragen ruwan na Rasha. Daya daga cikin korafin da Ukraine ke yi shi ne cewa an toshe tashar jirgin ruwan ta Mariupol.

Lamari a cikin mashigar ruwa ta Kerch

A cikin 2018 a ranar 25 ga Nuwamba Nuwamba ya sami matsala a mashigar ruwa ta Kerch. Wannan ya faru ne lokacin da jirgin jigilar kaya na Rasha ya tsare jiragen ruwa 3 na sojojin ruwan Ukraine. Wannan ya sa Hukumar Tsaron Tarayyar Rasha ta yi tir da jiragen ruwan da suka shiga yankin ruwan Rasha ba bisa ka'ida ba. Ta yin wannan, ko dai sun keta iyakar ƙasa tunda ba su nemi izini don ƙetara mashigar Kerch ba.

Sakamakon wannan lamarin daga bangaren Ukraine, Rasha ta yi luguden wuta tare da kame jiragen ruwan na Ukraine a gabar tekun Crimea. Bayan an dade ana bin su, wasu sojoji na musamman sun kame jiragen ruwa biyu da kuma wani jirgin ruwa. Kimanin mambobi shida na ma'aikatan Yukren ne suka ji rauni yayin fafatawar. A wannan rana, Shugaban na Ukraine ya sanya hannu kan dokar yin amfani da dokar soja kuma an amince da shi a majalisar dokoki washegari. Tunda halin matsatsinan yake mai rikitarwa, al'amuran wannan salon sun ci gaba har zuwa Rasha ta bukaci a gudanar da taron ne domin wanzar da zaman lafiya da tsaro na duniya.

Gina gadar Kerch

Gadar Kerch Strait

Domin hada Bahar Maliya da Tekun Azov wanda ya raba yankin Kerch da Peninsula, an gina Gadar Kerch. Dukkanin bangarorin biyu mallakar Rasha ne tun lokacin da Crimea ta kasance ta Ukraine har zuwa Maris 2014. Wannan gada tana da tarihi da yawa tun Jamusawa sun yi ƙoƙari su ɗaga a Yaƙin Duniya na II amma daga ƙarshe Russia ta samu nasara. Yankin da aka gina gadar shi ne mafi kankanta, tsawon kilomita 5 ne kawai.

A cikin 1944 an gina gada amma ba zata iya jure mawuyacin yanayin hunturu ba kuma mai kama da hular kankara ta share shi. Akwai tuni a watan Mayu 2015 lokacin da aka fara aikin gada gami da ababen hawa da kuma jigilar jiragen ƙasa. A cikin wannan mashigar gadar tana da tsayin kilomita kusan 19, kasancewar hanyar ta hanyar kilomita 12.

Akwai wasu suka game da aikin musamman saboda yanayin yanayin kasa da ake samu a wurin. Kuma ance aikin yayi watsi dashi tunda dutsen mai duwatsu irin farar ƙasa ne kuma akwai ramuka karst da yawa. Wannan ya sa gadar ba za ta iya yuwuwa ba kuma an bayyana cewa ba a yi zurfin binciken ilimin kimiyar kasa ba. Masu kare wannan aikin sune waɗanda suka kare cewa ba za a iya aiwatar da shi ba tare da cikakken bincike ba. Dukan filin yana bincika kuma an gudanar da gwaje-gwajen tsayayyun abubuwa masu ƙarfi a kan tarin. Godiya ga waɗannan gwaje-gwajen ɗaukar kaya, an kafa tushe.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da mashigar ruwa ta Kerch.


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