Mars juriya

Binciken Mars

Dan Adam baya gajiya wajen neman rayuwa a wata duniyar tamu a cikin duniyar mu da kuma duniyar mu. Mars wata duniya ce da ta kasance kuma zata kasance haƙiƙa don binciken duniyar don rayuwa akan ta. Kuma abin tsammani ne lokacin da abin da muke kira duniyar jan duniya ta lulluɓe da koguna da tekuna. A halin yanzu muna da mutum-mutumi da ake kira Mars juriya wanda ke da alhakin cire bayanai game da duniyar tamu sosai.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da juriya ta Mars da halayenta.

Gano duniyar Mars

ɗakunan mars juriya

Fiye da shekaru 40 na bincike ya samar mana da cikakken cikakken bayani game da canjin yanayin rayuwar Martian shekaru biliyan 3.500 da suka gabata, amma yawancin sirrinsa har yanzu ba a iya fahimtarsu. Daga wannan bayanan, zamu iya ganin sha'awar mutane game da duniyar jan. Manyan manufa guda uku da kasashe uku suka aiko sun yi daidai a duniyar ja a wannan watan: China, Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa da Amurka. Kamfanin ku na sararin samaniya ya tsara sabon nau'in jirgin saman leken asiri wanda ake kira Mars perserverance. Zai kasance mai kula da gano alamun rayuwar da ta gabata akan ƙasar Martian.

An ƙaddamar da Rover ɗin a watan Yulin 2020 kuma yana da niyyar yawo a saman duniya na aƙalla shekara ɗaya ta Mars, wanda yayi daidai da kwana 687 na Duniya. Yana da tsarin kwamfuta tare da mafi girman ikon sarrafa bayanai.

Daga cikin dukkan kayan aikin, na'urori biyu zasu taka muhimmiyar rawa musamman wajen aiwatar da alamun alamun rayuwa a da: abin da ake kira SHERLOC ne zai kula da binciken ma'adinai da abubuwan da ke cikin jiki. Aikin PIXL shine zana taswirar abubuwan sunadarai na kankara da danshi. Wadannan kayan aikin guda biyu zasuyi nazarin wadannan ayyukan tare da mafi girman daki-daki fiye da kowane Mars Rover zuwa yau.

Mars juriya

mars juriya

Motar za ta binciki saman duniyar jan ne don bincika samfuran dutsen daga ramin tasiri mai faɗin diamita kilomita 45. Kwarjin yana cikin Jezero, arewacin yankin duniyar Mars, an kirkireshi ne kimanin shekaru biliyan 4 da suka shude kuma ana ganin yana dauke da tabki. Ma'auni da tarin samfurai zasu taimaka wajan gano asirai game da tsarin ilimin ƙasa da kuma bincika idan shimfidar ƙasa tana iya ƙunsar ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta. Haƙurin Mars yana aiki tare tare da ƙaramin helikofta mai suna Ingenuity, wanda zai taimaka don tabbatar da idan waɗannan motocin zasu iya tashi cikin kyakkyawan yanayin Martian.

Ofaya daga cikin waƙoƙin da wannan mutum-mutumi ya ƙunsa shi ne adadi mai yawa na kyamarori waɗanda ke iya samun ƙimar hoto a duniyar Mars. Akwai kyamarori da yawa fiye da yadda aka yi amfani da su a cikin kowane manufa na talla. Musamman, mun sami kyamarori 19 waɗanda suke cikin abin hawa kanta da kuma wani 4 a cikin sassan zuriya da matakan sauka. Ta wannan hanyar, yana kulawa da ɗaukar majalisu daban-daban akan saukowa kuma hotuna ne waɗanda za'a iya sarrafa su don haɓaka ƙimar su.

Kyamarorin da ake kira Mastcam-Z suna da damar zuƙowa zuwa kan tsaunukan dutse har zuwa filin ƙwallon ƙafa. A gefe guda, yana da kyamarorin SuperCam wanda iya amfani da laser wanda ke tasiri akan ragowar duwatsu da masu rikitarwa. Waɗannan su ne shimfidar duwatsu na bishiyoyi da gutsutsuren ma'adinai da aka samo saman duniyar jan. Babban maƙasudin waɗannan ɗakunan shine nazarin abubuwan da tururin ya haifar. Radar da aka gina tana amfani da raƙuman ruwa don iya bincika fasalin yanayin ƙasa.

Saukowar Mars juriya

martian robot

Saukewar jimiri na Mars na iya samun kurakurai da yawa. Kuma shine fitowar sama da watanni 6 zata ƙare, kodayake mintuna 7 na ƙarshe sune mahimman abubuwa. Omsakin da ya dace da ɓangaren ƙarshe na tafiyar kuma ya dace da saukarsa. Mutum-mutumi ya fitar da faɗakarwar rediyo yayin da yake shiga cikin siririn yanayin duniyar Mars. Matsalar ita ce tazarar daga duniya zuwa duniya. Kuma shi ne lokacin da siginar ta isa dakin binciken da ke ciki Los Angeles, an riga an jefa makomar mutum-mutumi.

Rover ya dauki timean lokaci kafin ya sauko daga yanayin duniyar Mars zuwa saman duniyar. Yana ɗaukar tsawon lokacin kafin siginar ta isa ƙasa kuma ana kimanta kusan mintuna 11. Wannan lokacin yana kusan minti 7 kuma Injiniyoyi sun san shi da "minti 7 na ta'addanci". Wannan shine abin da ke banbanci tsakanin nasara ko rashin nasarar aikin binciken a duniyar Mars.

Rover ba kawai ya tattara hotuna masu ban sha'awa da samfuran dutse daga ƙasar Martian ba. Bugu da kari, zai hada rikodin da ba a taba rubuta shi ba: sautin da aka nada a saman duniyar Mars.

Sautin duniyar ja

Jimirin Mars ya haɗu da microphones biyu waɗanda zasu sadar da rikodin sauti na musamman, gami da lokacin sauka da aikin binciken mutum-mutumi.

Koyaya, saboda yanayin yanayin yanayin Martian ya fi 1% kacal fiye da na yanayin Duniya, kuma abin da ke ciki ya bambanta da yanayin mu, yana shafar fitarwa da yaduwar sauti, saboda haka yana da sauti daban da sautin akan ja duniya. Daya daga cikin abubuwan tarihi a tarihin binciken duniyar shine sanin sautin wannan duniyar tamu. Abun bincike ne lokacin da juriya ta Mars ta sami damar nuna sautin wannan duniyar tamu.

Dukkanin tsarin zuriya na atomatik ne, kuma tunda sadarwa tare da Duniya yana ɗaukar sama da mintuna 11, dole ne mutum-mutumin ya kula da kansa yayin aikin.

Jirgin da mutummutumi yake a ciki yana da wutsiya mai ƙwanƙwasa kuma an rufe ƙasan ta garkuwar zafi. Zazzabi a farfajiyar garkuwar na iya kaiwa kimanin 1300 digiri Celsius. Wannan yasa yake iya jure yanayin zafi na sama da kuma yanayin duniyar jar.

Kamar yadda kuke gani, cigaban ilimin kimiyya ba ya bayar da babban bayani game da duniyoyi na tsarin hasken rana. Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da haƙurin duniyar Mars da halayenta.


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