Menene kuma yaya ka'idar heliocentric take aiki?

Aiki na Duniya

Cewa duniyoyin duniyoyin sunadarai suna jujjuya tauraruwa ta tsakiya da ake kira Rana ba'a santa daidai ba. Akwai wata ka'ida cewa Duniya ita ce cibiyar Halitta kuma sauran duniyoyin sunyi tawaye a kanta. Ka'idar heliocentric Wanda zamuyi magana akanshi a yau shine wanda Rana itace tsakiyar duniya kuma tauraro ne tsayayye.

Wanene ya inganta ka'idar heliocentric kuma menene tushenta? A cikin wannan labarin zaku koya game da tushen kimiyya. Kuna so ku san ta sosai? Yakamata ku ci gaba da karatu 🙂

Halaye na ka'idar heliocentric

Ka'idar Heliocentric

A lokacin ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX akwai juyin juya halin kimiyya wanda ya nemi amsa duk waɗannan tambayoyin game da Duniya. Lokaci ne lokacin da ilmantarwa da gano sababbin samfuran suka mamaye. An kirkiro samfuran ne domin su iya bayanin yadda ake gudanar da duniyar tamu game da Duniya baki daya.

Godiya ga kimiyyar lissafi, lissafi, ilmin halitta, ilmin sunadarai da ilimin taurari wanda ya sami damar sani sosai game da Duniya. Lokacin da muke magana game da ilimin taurari, masanin kimiyya wanda ya fita dabam shine Nicolaus Copernicus. Ya kasance mahaliccin ka'idar heliocentric. Ya sanya hakan ne bisa lura da abubuwan da ke faruwa a duniyar taurari. Ya dogara ne da wasu halaye na ka'idar ilimin da ya gabata don karyata shi.

Copernicus ya kirkiro wani samfuri wanda ya bayyana yadda ake aiki da Duniya. Ya ba da shawarar cewa motsin taurari da taurari sun bi tafarki mai kama da tsari akan tsayayyen tauraro. Rana ce. Don karyata ka'idar da ta gabata game da yanayin kasa, yayi amfani da matsalolin lissafi kuma ya aza harsashin ilimin taurari na zamani.

Ya kamata a ambata cewa Copernicus ba shine masanin kimiyya na farko da ya gabatar da samfurin heliocentric ba a cikin duniyoyin sun zagaye Rana.Ko da yake, godiya ga tushensa na kimiyya da kuma nunawa, ya kasance labari ne kuma ingantaccen ka'ida.

Ka'idar da ke kokarin nuna canjin ra'ayi na irin wannan girman yana shafar yawan jama'a. A gefe guda, akwai lokacin da masana ilimin taurari suka yi magana game da warware matsalolin lissafi don kar su bar ilimin ƙasa. Amma ba za su iya musun cewa samfurin da Copernicus ya bayar ya ba da cikakken hangen nesa game da yadda ake aiki da Duniya ba.

Babban ka'idojin ka'idar

Nicolás Copernicus da ka'idar heliocentric

Ka'idar heliocentric ta dogara ne akan wasu ka'idoji don bayyana duk aikin. Waɗannan ƙa'idodin sune:

  1. Jikin taurari basa jujjuya maudu'i daya.
  2. Tsakanin duniya shine tsakiyar duniyar wata (zagayen wata a duniya)
  3. Dukkanin fannoni suna kewaya Rana ne, wanda ke kusa da tsakiyar sararin samaniya.
  4. Tazarar da ke tsakanin Duniya da Rana wani bangare ne na banbanci daga tazarar daga Duniya da Rana zuwa taurari, don haka ba a ganin wani abu mai kama da juna a cikin taurari.
  5. Taurari basa motsi, motsinta na yau da kullun yana faruwa ne sakamakon juyawar Duniya na yau da kullun.
  6. Duniya tana zagayawa a zagaye Rana, wanda hakan ke haifar da fitowar Rana na shekara shekara Duniya tana da motsi sama da daya.
  7. Yunkurin duniya da ke zagaye da Rana yana haifar da bayyanar da koma baya ga motsin duniyoyin.

Don bayyana canje-canje a cikin bayyanar Mercury da Venus, dole ne a sanya dukkanin kewayen kowannensu. Idan dayansu ya kasance daga gefe mafi nisa daga Rana dangane da Duniya, sai ya zama karami. Koyaya, ana iya ganin su cikakke. Ta wani bangaren kuma, idan suna gefe daya na Rana da Duniya, girman su ya kan zama babba kuma sifar su ta zama rabin wata.

Wannan ka'idar tayi cikakken bayani game da koma bayan taurari kamar Mars da Jupiter. An nuna shi cikakke cewa masu ilimin taurari a duniya basu da tsayayyen tsarin tunani. Akasin haka, Duniya tana cikin motsi koyaushe.

Bambance-bambance a tsakanin heliocentric da geoioricric theory

bambanci tsakanin ra'ayoyi

Wannan sabon samfurin ya kasance juyin juya halin kimiyya. Misalin da ya gabata, wanda ya shafi duniya, ya ginu ne akan cewa Duniya itace cibiyar Duniya kuma tana kewaye da Rana da dukkan duniyoyi. Wannan samfurin ya rage zuwa nau'ikan kallo guda biyu na yau da kullun. Abu na farko shine ganin taurari da Rana.Yana da sauki ka kalli sama ka ga yadda, cikin yini, motsa cikin sama. Ta wannan hanyar, yana ba da jin cewa Duniya ce da aka daidaita da sauran abubuwan samaniya masu motsi.

Na biyu, mun sami ra'ayin mai lura. Ba wai kawai ya yi kama da sauran jikin sun motsa a cikin sama ba, amma Duniya baya jin motsi. Sunyi tafiya suna motsi ba tare da jin motsi ba.

A lokacin karni na XNUMX BC Anyi tunanin Duniya zata kasance mai fadi. Koyaya, waɗannan samfuran Aristotle sun haɗa gaskiyar cewa duniyar tamu ta zagaye. Sai da zuwan masanin taurari Claudius Ptolemy cewa cikakkun bayanai game da surar taurari da Rana an daidaita su. Ptolemy yayi jayayya cewa Duniya tana tsakiyar Duniyar kuma dukkan taurari suna da tazara kadan daga tsakiyarta.

Tsoron Copernicus na cocin Katolika ya sa shi ya riƙe bincikensa kuma bai buga shi ba har zuwa lokacin da ya mutu. Lokacin da yake gab da mutuwa lokacin da ya buga shi a shekara ta 1542.

Bayanin halayyar taurari

Ka'idar Geocentric

Ka'idar Geocentric

Kowace duniya a cikin wannan tsarin da wannan masanin tauraron ya kirkira ta hanyar tsarin fannoni biyu. Isayan yana da rarrabu kuma ɗayan keken. Wannan yana nufin cewa masu damuwa sune da'irar da aka cire cibiyar cibiyar daga Duniya. Anyi amfani da wannan don bayyana bambance-bambance tsakanin tsayin kowane lokacin. A gefe guda, epicycle an saka shi a cikin yanki mai ban sha'awa kuma yana yin kamar yana da wani nau'in ƙafa a cikin wata ƙafa.

Ana amfani da epicycle don bayani da retrograde motsi na taurari a cikin sama. Ana iya ganin wannan yayin da suke raguwa da matsawa baya don sake motsawa a hankali.

Kodayake wannan ka'idar ba ta bayyana duk halayen da aka lura da su a kan duniyoyi ba, amma abin ganowa ne cewa har zuwa yau ya zama yana aiki da masana kimiyya da yawa a matsayin tushen karatun Duniya.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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