Bulnes orange itace

A yau za mu yi magana ne game da ɗayan kololuwar da take a ɗayan ɗayan wurare mafi alamar alama na Picos de Europa National Park. Labari ne game da Pico Urriello, wanda aka fi sani da sunan Bulnes orange itace. Yana ɗayan shahararrun kololuwa a cikin wannan wurin shakatawa na ƙasa kuma yana cikin tsakiyar massif. Tana da tsayin mita 2518 kuma an hau ta a karon farko a shekarar 1904. Tun daga wannan lokacin, wannan kololuwar ta zama ɗayan mahimman ci gaba a farkon hawa tsaunukan Sifen.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk halaye, ilimin ƙasa da kuma sha'awar Naranjo de Bulnes.

Babban fasali

Tsarin shimfidar wuri na Naranjo de Bulnes

Taro ne wanda ya kasance wanda aka kirkira shi da tsari wanda aka kirkireshi mafi yawa ta hanyar duwatsu masu haske da toka. Wadannan duwatsu sun kasance masu girma kuma an gina su ta hanyar microbial. Wadannan kayan sun samo asali ne daga wani babban dandamali mai dauke da sinadarin carbonates na ruwa kuma an haɓaka yayin lokacin carboniferous. Hawan sama da faduwa wanda matakin teku yayi yayin lokacin Carboniferous ya haifar da lalacewar ɓangaren sama na dandamali kuma matakan ci gaba sun haɓaka.

A cikin sauƙin karst, cavities sun samo asali ne sakamakon aiwatar da karsashi kuma an cika su da kayan daga Lokacin Permian. Wadannan kayan ana gano su da cewa suna da rata mai hade da yumɓu. Babban halayyar Naranjo de Bulnes shine cewa tana da ilimin halittarta a matsayin asalin asali wanda aka kirkira daga samfurin kankara. Tsarin ƙwallon kankara ya kasance yana kula da Babban yanayin da ilimin ƙasa da ƙasa ke ɗauka a duk cikin glaciations. Dukkanin yankin Picos de Europa sun sha wahala glaciations yayin zamanin da, wanda matsakaicin tsananin ƙarancinsa ya faru kusan shekaru 38.000 da suka gabata.

Har zuwa lokacin da glaciations suka fara faruwa, ɓangaren sama na tsakiyar massif an rufe shi da murfin dutse. Ololuwar an yi shi ne da wani tsauni mai duwatsu kewaye da yeros waɗanda suke na yaruka biyu masu ƙarancin haske. Tana da bangon goge kuma bashi da gefuna. Waɗannan su ne siffofi daban-daban waɗanda ke nuna aikin abras na harsunan ƙyalli a bangon Naranjo de Bulnes. Samun glacier yana da halaye na musamman wanda zai bawa masana ilimin ƙasa damar gano samuwar kowannensu.

Yanayin ƙasa da al'adun Naranjo de Bulnes

Kamar yadda ake tsammani, ƙwanƙoliya tare da waɗannan halaye, sakamakon tsarin ruwan kankara kuma sanannen sanannen ci gaba a tsaunukan Sifen, yana da babban sha'awar ƙasa, al'adu da zamantakewar jama'a. Idan muka tafi kan batun ilimin ƙasa wanda Naranjo de Bulnes zai iya samu, zamu ga cewa yana da nau'ikan yanayin ƙasa. Geomorphology na wannan ƙwanƙolin misali ne mai kyau na nunatak. Nunatak wani nau'in dutse ne wanda yake faruwa a cikin tsaunin dutse. Wannan hawan dutsen an fi nuna shi ta hanyar gabatar da ganuwar goge sosai saboda aikin kankara mai ƙanƙara.

Hawan daskarewa na daskarewa yana haifar da abrasion zuwa kankara. Dangane da gaskiyar cewa yawan ƙyalƙyali ya faru a wannan ƙwanƙolin, abrasion na kankara yana yin tozali da duwatsu har sai an canza fasalin halittar su. Wannan ilimin halittar jiki halaye ne na matsakaiciyar kankara kuma, a lokaci guda, ya zama shaidun da ke akwai don samun damar fassara fassarar yanayin yanayin yanayin yanayin yanayin Quaternary.

Hakanan yana da wasu abubuwan da ba na ilimin kasa ba kamar tarihi da al'adu. Daga mahangar al'adu da zamantakewar al'umma, ana iya cewa yana da halaye masu kyau don zama kyakkyawan shimfidar wuri. Ana ɗauka ɗayan ɗayan sanannun alama da sanannun abubuwa na Picos de Europa National Park. Dole ne kuma mu kara yanayin tarihi tunda an hau dutsen a karo na farko a shekarar 1904 ta Pedro Pidal da Gregorio Pérez. Wadannan tsaunuka guda biyu sune suka aza tubalin hawa tsaunukan Spain.

Yadda ake isa zuwa tushe na Naranjo de Bulnes

Akwai hanyoyi da yawa don zuwa yankin Vega de Urriellu. Zai yiwu mafi sauki shine barin motar a cikin garin Sotres. Daga can, zamu iya tafiya tare da waƙar da ke akwai kuma mu tafi waɗanda ke cikin hunturu na Cabao. Daga baya za mu ƙetare kogin Duje kuma daga can za mu iya hawa kusan zuwa ƙofar Pandébano inda waƙar ta ƙare kuma hanyar ta fara.

Daga nan za mu iya ganin Urriellu kuma idan kun bi hanyar za ku isa garin Bulnes. Hakanan akwai wasu hanyoyi amma suna da ɗan rikitarwa.

Kodayake ba shine mafi girman tsauni a cikin tsaunukan Cantabrian ba, Tana da tsayin mita 2.519 kuma ana ɗauka ɗayan sanannun kololuwa. Musamman abin da ya sa ƙwanƙolin shahara shi ne mita 550 na bango na tsaye a fuskar yamma. Kamar yadda muka ambata a baya, asalin wannan bangon yana faruwa ne ta asalin asalin kwalliyar Quaternary da abrasion na kankara da narkewa.

Mafi shahararrun hawa

Urriellu ganiya

Bayan hawan farko a cikin 1904, wasu kuma sun biyo baya. Hawan na biyu ya faru ne a shekarar 1906 kuma Dr. Gustav Shulze, masanin ilimin kasa da gogaggen dan kasar Jamus mai hawa dutsen. Ya kuma yi shi don fuskar arewa kuma shi kaɗai ya yi. Shi ne mai hawa dutse na farko da ya yi amfani da turaku don ya iya fatattaka fuskar kudu. Wannan masanin ilimin kasa ya bayyana hawan a matsayin gajere kuma mai wahala.

A cikin 1924 wani mai hawa dutse mai suna Víctor Martínez Campillo ya sami damar buɗe sabuwar hanya mafi sauƙi wacce ke gefen hagu na fuskar kudu. Tun daga wannan lokacin an san shi da Vía Víctor. Ofaya daga cikin haɓaka na ƙarshe ya faru a cikin 1973 kuma kafofin watsa labarai sun bi shi sosai. Abu mai ban sha'awa game da hawan nan shi ne lokacin sanyi ne kuma ya yi sanadiyyar rayukan mutane da yawa kuma an yi nasarar ceto da yawa.

Kamar yadda kake gani, Naranjo de Bulnes yana ɗaya daga cikin sanannun sanannun sanannun ƙirar Spain. Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da shi.


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