Yankuna

kankara a saman rufin

Kayan kwalliyar hunturu wanda ke nuna fina-finai, jerin, zane mai ban dariya, da sauransu. Shin icicles. Waɗannan su ne kankara masu tilastawa a kan rufin rufin, rassan bishiyoyi, filayen ƙasa da sauran abubuwa da yawa na shimfidar ƙasa. Galibi suna faruwa ne a lokacin sanyi saboda ƙarancin yanayin zafi da dusar ƙanƙara mai nauyi. Wasu lokuta ana iya ƙirƙirar su ba tare da buƙatar dusar ƙanƙara ba kamar haka kuma suna iya haifar da babbar matsala ga yawan jama'a yayin faɗuwarsu.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku yadda ake kirkirar icicles, menene halayensu kuma menene haɗarin da suke wakilta.

Icicles a cikin hunturu

samuwar carambanos

Tabbas mun ga icicles a cikin fina-finai, jerin, zane mai ban dariya, katunan gaisuwa da wurare da yawa. Ba lallai bane ku gan su cikin mutum don sanin yadda suke. Yana da yanayin sanyi na hunturu kuma yafi yawa saboda ci gaba da digowa na ruwa mai ruwa hade da ƙarfi mai sanyi irin wannan lokacin na shekara. Mun san cewa a lokacin yanayin hunturu na sauka sosai, musamman da daddare. Cigaba da digo ruwan sha ta cikin rufin rufin yayin ruwan sama yana haifar da daskararre.

Sakamakon saukar bazata kwatsam zuwa jeri kasa da digiri 0 zamu iya samun yanayin da ya dace da samuwar icicle. Wato, lokacin da zafin yanayi ya kasa digiri 0 kuma an yi ruwan sama ko ana ruwa, Icicles na iya zama daga ci gaba da diga daga ruwan sha. Waɗannan halayen halayen kankara ne waɗanda ake kira icicles.

Samuwar icicles

kankara

Yawancin lokaci a cikin biranen icicles suna samuwa ne a kan rufin rufin. Ya zama dole a baya da kuka ɗauka. Ta wannan hanyar, za mu ba da tabbacin cewa zafin jikin ya ragu sosai. Ruwa kuma yawanci yana tarawa a saman rufin, wanda sai ya zama icicles. Rashin narkewar dusar kankara da ke faruwa yayin tsakiyar sa'o'in yini zuwa yana haifar da ƙananan rafuka masu yawa na ruwa ƙarƙashin farin bargon dusar ƙanƙara. Lokacin da yanayin zafi ya sauka da daddare kuma wadannan layukan ruwan suka kare a gefen bakin rufin rufin, yakan fara sanyaya ne har sai ya zama kankara.

Idan dare ya yi, sanyi mai sanyi yana haifar da ɓawon kankara a kan dusar ƙanƙara a kan rufin kuma ɓangaren ciki na wannan rigar ya keɓe gaba ɗaya daga kogin. Wannan shine yadda ɓangaren ciki ke ci gaba da gudana ƙarƙashin. Sakamakon saukowar yana ƙarewa narkewa ko wucewa ta cikin eaves har sai daskarewa sake nan da nan. Kuma shine suna haɗuwa da iska ta waje, wanda yake ƙarancin zafin jiki sosai kuma ana samar dasu tare da wucewar awoyi. Wannan shine yadda ake haifar da allurar ƙanƙara mai kaifi don halaye na hunturu.

Yanayin muhalli

hems na mutuwa

Abu ne sananne cewa da rana ana iya share sararin samaniya kuma yanayin a hankali yana sauri. Ta wannan hanyar, wasu daga cikin allurar kankara da aka kirkira a cikin bangon rufin za a iya cire su lokacin da rana ta haskaka su ko kuma zafi ya narke su. Wannan yana haifar da haɗari ga mutanen da suke wucewa ƙarƙashin rufin rufin. A wasu lokuta, mutanen da suke tafiya a ƙasa lokacin da icicles ɗin suka faɗo ya mutu sanadiyar icicles. Irin wannan labaran yana faruwa a kusan kowane lokacin hunturu a ƙasashe masu tsananin sanyi kamar Rasha inda tsananin sanyi yakan haifar da wannan nau'in samuwar akan rufin.

Ba wai kawai an san shi da sunan icicles ba, amma ya dogara da inda muke akwai ana iya sanin sa da wasu sunaye. Dangane da inda kuke akwai jerin sunayen waɗanda muke samun su spiers, chipiletes, pinganiles, candelizos, calambrizos, rencellos, masu shayarwa ko masu shayarwa. Anan Spain a cikin Cantabria ana kiranta cangalitu ko cirriu yayin a cikin kwarin Roncal ana kiranta churro kodayake kalmar mafi ban mamaki itace calamoco. Yana nufin gamsai wanda ya faɗi kamar yana sauka ƙasa ta hanci. Wannan shima yana da kyau sosai a jerin zane mai zane wanda gamsai cikin hanci na waɗancan mutane yayi sanyi lokacin da suke tsananin sanyi.

Matsaloli da ka iya faruwa

Icicles ba wai kawai suna samuwa a yankin rufin birni ba, amma ana haifar da su a yanayi. Muna iya gani a kan wasu duwatsu, duwatsu, rassan bishiyoyi, da dai sauransu. Yadda ake kirkirar waɗannan allurar kankara. A ƙarshe, zamu sami takamaiman haɗari daga icicles kawai idan an samar dasu a cikin birane. A cikin yanayin yanayi muna da kyakkyawan yanayin shimfidar wurare wanda ya cancanci adanawa a cikin hotuna.

Koyaya, a cikin birane zasu iya ɗaukar haɗari. Tare da tarin dusar ƙanƙara a kan rufin da narkewar da muka tattauna a baya, dusar ruwa ta daskarewa saboda rashin yanayin zafi. Idan aka sake samun hauhawar yanayin zafi, wadannan allurar kankara na fara faduwa kuma a lokacin ne suke haifar da hadari ga masu tafiya. A cikin kasarmu hakan yana faruwa ne ta wata hanya daban tunda galibi bamu da irin wannan yanayin ƙarancin yanayin lokacin sanyi. Koyaya, bayan guguwar hunturu kamar wannan shekarar mai farin jini, waɗannan haɗarin na iya faruwa.

An kiyasta cewa kusan 100 a kowace shekara a Rasha suna mutuwa daga zubar icicle. A wasu ƙasashe kamar Finland akwai alamu akan gine-gine waɗanda ke faɗakar da haɗarin kasancewar wannan lamarin. A wasu wurare ana ɗaukarsa azaman ƙarshen mutuwa saboda suma suna da bambanci. Sun fara magana game da shi a cikin 1947 lokacin da wani abin al'ajabi ya faru a cikin teku mai zurfi. Yana faruwa sosai da ruwan sanyi na Arctic ko Tekun Antarctic inda yanayin zafi ke faɗaɗa -20 30 °. Zafin zafin teku yana da girma tunda ruwan saman yana daskarewa. Ta wannan hanyar, an bar gishirin daga wannan aikin kuma an nutsar da shi tunda yawansa ya fi yawa. Ruwan da ke kewaye da shi ya daskare kuma aka samar da wani shafi wanda ya daskare ruwan ta inda yake shiga.

An kira shi icicle na mutuwa tunda yana daskare komai a cikin tafarkinsa. Idan yaci karo da dabba mai saurin tafiya, daga karshe zai daskarar dashi.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da icicles da halayensu.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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