Squall Miguel

squall Miguel

Mun sani cewa ilimin yanayi ba zai iya zama mara tabbas ba tunda sakamakon canjin canjin da yawa daga masu canji ke canza kimar su cikin kankanin lokaci. Ofaya daga cikin sakamakon waɗannan canje-canjen muhalli shine squall Miguel. Kuma shine a cikin watan Yuni 2019 fashewar cyclogenesis na mafi ban mamaki da ban mamaki ya faru. Guguwar iska ce mai zurfin gaske da kuma aiwatar da abubuwa masu fashewa a cikin ƙananan latitude. Wannan wani abu ne wanda ba'a taɓa ganin sa ba kuma mutane da yawa sun danganta shi da canjin yanayi.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk halaye, asali da sakamakon guguwar Miguel.

Babban fasali

fashewar cyclogenesis

Yawancin masu ilimin yanayi da masu hasashen yanayi ba su gaskata abin da ke zuwa mana ba a farkon watan Yunin 2019. Wata mahaukaciyar guguwa za ta tashi a arewa maso yammacin yankin Iberian a daidai lokacin da za a fara aiwatar da guguwar fashewar abubuwa. Al'amari ne mai matukar ban mamaki ba kawai a lokacin shekarar da abin ya faru ba, har ma a sararin samaniya wanda yankin tsibirinmu yake.

Waɗannan tsarin da matsi na zurfafa rayuwa sun fi dacewa da lokacin sanyi na lokacin sanyi da kuma a manyan tsaurara ko a tsakiyar Tekun Atlantika. Dole ne a yi la'akari da cewa samuwar hadari galibi yana faruwa ne a lokacin sanyi tunda masu canjin yanayi dole ne su ɗauki wasu ƙimomi don su faru. Zamu iya cewa lokacin zurfin zurfin hadari da kuma aiwatar da tsarin cyclogenesis sun fi aiki da zafin rai a lokacin hunturu a arewacin duniya.

Lokaci-lokaci, samuwar hadari na iya faruwa a lokacin bazara da watannin kaka, amma da wuya a lokacin rani. Wannan yana daga cikin dalilan da yasa guguwar Miguel ba ta da tabbas da son sani. Abubuwan da ke haifar da abubuwan da suka haifar da guguwar iska mai ƙarfi da tafiyar matakai na cyclogenesis suna aiki sosai kuma suna da ƙarfi yayin lokutan hunturu a arewacin duniya.

Sanadin guguwar Miguel

samuwar hadari

Bari mu ga menene abubuwan da suka haifar da hadari Miguel da kuma dalilin da ya sa suka faru a wannan lokacin na shekara. Ruwan jirgin sama na sama shine babban direban guguwar Atlantika tunda yana da ƙarfi da ƙasa a daidai latitude tare da Tekun Atlantika ta Arewa. The thermal ya bambanta tsakanin wurare masu zafi ko subtropical dumi taro tare da yanayin sanyi na polar shine mafi bayyana a cikin watanni masu sanyi. Dole ne a yi la'akari da cewa waɗannan haɓakar yanayin zafi tare da ƙarfin jirgin saman polar na haifar da tasirin ɓacin rai mafi girma wanda ke haifar da guguwa mai mahimmanci.

Asara ta biyu wacce ta samo asali a wannan yanki na ɗan tanda mai ɗumi ɗari da ɗumbin yawa sun fi yawa a cikin watanni na hunturu. Wannan kuma yana sa yanayin zafin ya bambanta. Wani abu mai yuwuwa na guguwar Miguel shine fitowar iska mai sanyi wanda yawanci ana haɗuwa da mashigar jirgin mai ƙarfi kuma zai iya ɗaukar raƙuman ruwa wanda zai iya fuskantar aiwatar da ƙarancin matsin lamba da cyclogenesis.

Akwai wasu abubuwan na biyu waɗanda zasu iya taimaka wa tsarin aikin cyclogenesis a cikin hunturu, kodayake ba shi da mahimmanci a wannan yanayin. Cyclogenesis shine samuwar guguwa galibi wanda ya haifar da raguwar matsin yanayi. Lokacin da muke magana akan fashewar abubuwa masu fashewa, zamu koma zuwa raguwar mummunan yanayi da kuma sakamakon haka aka haifar da babban hadari. Dukkanin tsirrai da kuma jigilar jiragen ruwa sune manyan abubuwanda suka shafi ci gaba, kiyayewa da zurfafa guguwa.

Samuwar guguwar Miguel

squall Miguel daga tauraron dan adam

Wannan guguwar an kirkireshi ne a gaban kasancewar kayan aikin yau da kullun da zurfafawa. Matsakaicin matsakaicin tsayin iska, jet polar da digo a cikin ƙananan matakan suna cikin yankin da ke da ƙarfin bambancin zafin jiki, wanda aka sani da yankin barocline a ƙananan matakan.

A farkon watan Yuni ana iya ganin cewa rafin jirgin yana da ƙarfi sosai kuma latitude ya sauka. A gefe guda, fashewar yanayin sanyi yana da alamar gaske kuma ya bambanta tare da yanayin iska mai dumi wanda ya riga ya wanzu saboda rashin aiki da kuma wuce gona da iri na anticyclone. Sakamakon wannan duka ƙari ne a cikin ma'aunin zafin jiki a ƙasan axin jirgin. Wato, baroclinity mai ƙarfi. Secondaryananan sakandare a ƙananan yadudduka waɗanda suke a yankin diarfin ɗan ɗumi mai ɗumi mai zafi shi ne wanda ke fuskantar aikin fashewar cyclogenesis.

Duk wannan yanayin ya kasance mummunan yanayi a cikin duka sifofinsa da ƙarfinsa. A saboda wannan dalili, squal Miguel ba safai ba ne. Don yin wannan, an nuna daidaitattun taswirar da ba ta dace ba wanda ke nuna mana ƙarancin mummunan yanayin da rafin jet zai iya gabatarwa da ƙarfinsa. Jirgin saman shine babban jaririn wannan yanayin. Wannan saboda idan jirgin ya zo da ƙarfi daga matakan mafi girma, a ƙananan latitude zai iya faruwa da shi iska mai saurin zuwa 150-200 km / h. Hakanan ba al'ada ba ce ta iska mai sanyi wacce ta jagoranci jigilar iyakacin duniya kuma hakan ya sanya baroclinity ya fi yawa a yankin da aka kafa guguwar Miguel.

Kammalawa na wannan bakon al'amari

Squall Miguel wani lamari ne mai ban mamaki wanda ya bar masu hangen nesa da masu hasashe tare da ɗanɗano ɗanɗano a bakunansu. Zamu iya cewa samuwar zurfafawa da zurfafa zurfin abubuwa ne da ba kasafai ake samu dangane da magabata ba amma kuma suna da wuya a irin wannan lokacin na shekara. An yanke shawarar cewa yana cikin tsananin damuwa tare da yankin baroclinic a cikin mafi ƙasƙanci yadudduka don wuri da kwanan wata da muke.

Duk waɗannan dalilan sun sa guguwar Miguel ta shiga cikin tarihi a matsayin ɗayan mawuyacin hali tunda muna da rikodin yanayi. Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da guguwar Miguel, halayenta da samuwarta.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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