Duk game da ma'adinan galena

Galena ma'adinai

Ofayan sanannun ma'adanai a duniya don kasancewa ɗaya tare da mafi girman abun ciki shine galena. An san shi a cikin ƙarni da yawa kamar yadda yake a cikin ingantaccen yanayi kuma ana iya samun sa ta siffofin ban sha'awa da daban-daban. Nau'in ma'adinai ne na farko wanda shine asalin sauran ma'adanai kamar su cerussite, anglesite da lead. Wadannan ma'adanai na biyu sun samu ne daga galena.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu nuna muku duk halaye, asali da kuma amfani da galena na ma'adinai.

Babban fasali

Galena

A cikin tsarin galena muna da wasu ƙazamai kamar azurfa da bismuth waɗanda zasu iya canza kaddarorin dukkanin ma'adinan. Idan muka samo wani nau'in galena wanda yake dauke da babban bismuth yana iya samun tsattsauran yanki. Idan muka samo azurfa zamu iya sanya shi nuna wasu gutsuttsura ɗan lanƙwashe kaɗan.

Yana cikin ƙungiyar sulfides kuma yana da ƙananan ƙarancin ƙarfi a kan sikelin Mosh. Game da launinsa, yana da launuka masu ban sha'awa waɗanda ke sa ya zama kyakkyawa ƙwarai ga idanun ɗan adam. Yana da tabarau tsakanin ƙarfe mai launin toka, mai tsananin shuɗi da haske. Ta hanyar samun wannan jerin launuka ganewarsa yana da sauri. Ga waɗanda ba su da ƙwarewa a cikin sanin ma'adanai, ya fi zama al'ada don rikicewa, wani ma'adinai irin su blende. Blende ma'adinai ne mai ƙarancin ƙarfe kuma yana da lu'ulu'u lu'ulu'u. Babban bambanci tare da galena shine cewa ya fi duhu, kusan baƙi. Hakanan nauyin yana ƙasa kuma yana da wahala sosai.

Akwai wasu oligistia wanda shima zai iya zama kamar galena amma yana da launuka masu launin ja mai launin ruwan kasa kuma basu da kuba. Galley yana da siffar gilashi wanda ke sa shi yayi kama ko kuma mai siffar sukari. Hakanan zamu iya samun shi yana samar da polyhedron mai gefe 8 kuma har ma muna jituwa da juna. Idan kuka busa kowane nau'i na canji kuma an kara wasu mahaɗan sulfate, zamu iya ganin cewa wannan ma'adinai ya canza zuwa abin da muka sani a matsayin anglesite kuma idan muka haɗa carbonates zai zama tabbatacce.

Yana da yanayin fitar da hankali la'akari da cewa shimfidar sa shimfide ce kuma an tsara ta da sauƙin karce. Wannan ya dogara da duka fuskokin da tashar ke da su. Galena na iya faruwa a cikin sifofin kwayar halitta, leaky, da exfoliating. Tsarin sunadarai shine PbS.

Asalin galena

Tsarin galena

Kalmar galena ana zaton ta fito daga kalmar "galene" wanda ke nufin jagoranci. An yi amfani da wannan kalmar don nuni ga yawan gubar da za mu iya samu a cikin wannan ma'adinan. Sauran bincike sun nuna cewa Masarawa suma sunyi amfani da galena don dalilai na kwalliya. An sanya shi a kan idanu don taimakawa kare su daga hasken rana da ƙura. An kuma yi amfani da shi ta hanyar shafa shi a jiki don tunkude ƙwari.

Asalin amfani da galena azaman kayan aiki ya fara a Cartagena ɗaruruwan shekaru da suka gabata. An fara amfani da ma'adinan galena kuma tsawon shekaru ya zama rami wanda a ƙarshe ya yi amfani da wannan ma'adinan a yankuna da yawa.

Zamu iya ganin abubuwan galena waɗanda, bisa ga kimiyar ilimin ƙasa, yawanci ana haɗuwa da duwatsu tare da ɗan ƙaramin tsarin acid ko duwatsu na granite da pegmatitic. Hakanan za'a iya samun su kusa da ma'adinan dutsen carbonate. Ana samun waɗannan abubuwan galena a wurare daban-daban a duniya kuma an ba da hankali na musamman ga hakar wannan ma'adinan. Wasu wurare a cikin duniyar nan da ake samun mafi yawan galena sune: Australia, Peru, Ireland, Czechoslovakia, Ingila da Amurka.

A Spain, mun sami galena adibas a Carolina da Linares. Adana su ne inda aka sami adadi mai yawa na Galena. A cikin Yankin Iberiya za mu iya samun galena a Ciudad Real, Murcia da Lérida.

Amfani da aikace-aikacen galena

Amfani da galena

Yanzu zamu san dalilin mahimmancin hakar ma'adinan. Masarawa sunyi amfani dashi don dalilai na kwaskwarima a zamanin da, kamar yadda muka ambata a baya. A cikin ƙarin amfani na zamani, ana iya gani cewa an yi amfani da lu'ulu'u masu ma'adinan galena don haɗa rediyo a karon farko. Wannan haka yake tunda sun yi aiki azaman gyara abubuwa don sigina da eriya suka kama. Shekarun baya an gyara kayan aikin siginar diode.

Daga cikin galenas ɗin da aka samo a cikin Sifen waɗanda ke da nau'in haɗari Ana fitar da gubar da ake amfani da ita don yin tubes, zanen gado da ƙyallen da ake amfani da su don yin allo na kariya da sauran sinadaran rediyo.

Idan har ila yau mun maida hankali kan jirgin ruhaniya, ga mutane da yawa galena tana kawo daidaituwa da daidaito a rayuwarmu. Yana da damar bayar da taimako da kuma iya sa mutane su mai da hankali kan gaskiya da burinsu. An ce yana amfani da shi don buɗe hankali da faɗaɗa ra'ayoyin tare da riƙe burin da kuke son cimmawa. Kar mu manta cewa sanya hankali kan wani abu da kake son cimmawa na dogon lokaci ya fi wuya fiye da yadda yake ji. Saboda haka, Mutane da yawa suna jujjuya zuwa abin wuya galena ko mundaye a matsayin abin layya.

An kuma ce idan mutum ya sanya galena kuma yawanci yana da halaye marasa kyau, waɗannan halaye za su ci gaba a bayan fage, suna ba mutumin damar samun damar canzawa zuwa mafi kyau da ƙirƙirar halaye masu amfani waɗanda ke taimaka musu ci gaba.

Wani abin birgewa shine akwai wadanda suke daukar samfurin wannan ma'adinan a cikin aljihun wandonsu ko rigar kamar dai zai zama laya ne. Hakanan ana sanya shi a cikin gida da wuraren aiki koyaushe don tuna maƙasudin da muke son cimmawa.

Kamar yadda kake gani, galena ma'adinai ne da ake buƙata sosai sananne a duk duniya tare da amfani daban-daban. Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da galena.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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