Kwarin Ebro

Gidan ruwa na ruwa na ebro

Spain tana da rafuka da yawa waɗanda suke na waɗancan kogunan. Kogi mafi girma a duk Spain shine kogin Ebro.Wani kogi ne wanda kwarinsa ya kasance a arewa maso gabashin yankin tsibirin Iberian, wanda yayi iyaka da Arewa, da Duero, da Tagus, da Jucar da kuma Gabashin Pyrenees na Gabas. gangaren Faransa Shi ne mafi kyawun sananne a duk Spain kuma yana da kwararar ruwa. Bakinta yana kafa delta kuma an san shi da Kwarin Ebro.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da halaye, ilimin ƙasa da samuwar kwarin Ebro.

Babban fasali

yankin noma

Kwarin Ebro ko kuma Ebro Depression yanki ne mai fadi a arewa maso gabas na yankin tsibirin Iberia, inda kogin Ebro yake gudana .. Kogin ya samo asali ne daga tsaunukan Cantabrian kuma ya shiga cikin Bahar Rum. Kogin Ebro yana da iyaka ta Pyrenees zuwa arewa, Tsarin Iberian zuwa kudu da gabar tekun Katalan ta gabas. Rashin bakin kogin yana kusa da kogin kansa a yankin arewa maso gabashin yankin Iberian.

Daga Sierra de Híjar zuwa Tortosa tana da ƙasa kusan kilomita murabba'i 40.000 da tsawon kilomita 840. Yana wucewa daga yamma zuwa gabas ta cikin onomungiyar onoman Adam mai cin gashin kanta ta Cantabria, Burgos da Soria zuwa gabashin Castilla y León, zuwa kudu na queasar Basque a Álava, La Rioja, Navarra, Theungiyoyin Aragon, Catalonia da Valencia suna zuwa arewacin lardin Castellón, ya ƙare a Bahar Rum. A iyakokinta na arewaci sune Pyrenees, a gabas yayi iyaka da Yankin Gaɓar Tekun Katalan, kuma a kudu da yamma da tsarin Iberiya.

Bacin rai yana da matsakaicin tsayi na mita 200 kuma yana kewaye da manyan tsaunuka. An san bakin kamar Delta del Ebro, yanki ne mai kariya wanda aka lasafta shi azaman Yankin Halitta. Tana da abubuwan adana abubuwan ruwa da na nahiyoyin duniya, wadanda suke da kauri a gefen dutsen kuma basu da kauri sosai a tsakiyar bakin ciki: sandstones, marls, gypsum, salts da limestones. Bambancin taurin kayan da yanayin busassun yanayi sun haifar da fasali daban-daban na kasa.

Kogin yana cikin lahani tsakanin Tsibirin Iberian da Nahiyar Turai, ya yi daidai da tsohuwar gabar teku sannan daga baya aka canza shi zuwa wani tafki, wanda ya raba Tsibirin Iberian cikin lokaci-lokaci. Yankin Iberiya ya haɗu da Afirka da Turai.

Amfani da ƙasar kwarin Ebro

ebro kwarin

Mafi kyawun amfanin gona na ƙasar Aragonese yana cikin tsakiyar damuwa, inda akwai yanki mafi girma kuma mai yawan ban ruwa da kuma ruwan sama domin dasa hatsi da inabi. Waɗannan tsire-tsire sune tushen asalin tattalin arziƙin Aragon. A gefe guda, waɗannan wurare sune mafi amfani da kwadayin tarihi, tun daga zamanin Rome.

Kirkirar hatsi wanda aka yiwa ruwan sama yana wakiltar tsarin amfani da ƙasa mai dacewa don yanayin muhalli mara tsabta a wajen yankin ban ruwa. Masu maye gurbin sha'ir-sha'ir da, zuwa wani ɗan ƙarami, hatsi da hatsin raiSun dogara ne da goyon bayan gwamnatin tsakiya da kuma ingancin ƙasar. Noman hatsi ya kasance cikakke inji kuma har yanzu ana amfani da fallow a yawancin yankuna na Rashin ciki.

Tsarin kula da hatsi yana da karamin fili a cikin kankara da tsaunuka na kwarin Ebro da kuma dandamali mara kyau a kudancin Los Monegros. Iyakar abin da ke hana ruwa gudu shi ne fitowar gypsum a kewayen Zaragoza. Shafi ne wanda ya katse adadi mai yawa ta hanyar babban hanyar sadarwa na kwari masu kwari, waɗanda yankuna ne na filayen espartos da mahajjata, kuma sune tsibirin hamada na gaskiya a tsakiyar mawuyacin hali. Aikin ƙasa ya iyakance ne ga gwanayen lebur na baucoci, inda tarawar ƙasa ke ba da ƙasa mai kyau kuma tana mai da ɗan ƙaramin ɗanshi.

Sauyin yanayi da geology na kwarin Ebro

Hamada a kwarin ebro

Duk cikin kwarin Ebro zamu iya samun babban yanayi a cikin yanayi saboda girman fadada wanda tuni ya sami tasirin tasirin masu canjin yanayi na yankin Rum da yankin nahiya. Zamu iya bambanta manyan yankuna uku na yanayi:

  • Yankin Cantabrian: Yankin ne yake da wadataccen ruwan sama iri ɗaya a cikin shekara. Yanayi mai sauqi ya mamaye saboda haka basu da canje-canje da yawa kwatsam.
  • Babban damuwa: Tana mamaye da kashi 80% na Basin kuma tana da tasiri mai tasiri kan yanayin busha-bushe tare da ruwan sama na lokaci-lokaci. Ana rarraba waɗannan hazo a lokacin damuna da lokacin rani.
  • Yankin Bahar Rum: ƙarancin ruwan sama da ƙarancin yanayin zafi sun mamaye shi saboda kusancin teku.

Yanayin zafin rana yakan kai matuka na digiri 26 a cikin watanni mafiya zafi da ƙananan -4 a cikin watannin hunturu. Yawancin hazo suna faruwa ne a cikin tsaunukan tsaunuka waɗanda ke iyakantar kwarin Ebro. sun kai darajar 1800mm / shekara a cikin Pyrenees. Koyaya, a cikin tsakiyar kwarin ƙimomin suna da ƙasa sosai, suna kaiwa ƙasa da 400mm / shekara. Matsakaicin yanayin hazo na shekara-shekara na dukkan Basin yakai 590 mm.

Dangane da ilimin kasa, shima yana da nau'ikan yanayin kasa daban-daban da kuma yanayi. Abubuwa sun fi yawa limestone-dolomitic, Cenomanenses-Turonenses, Triassic limestones da dolomites da abubuwa masu banƙyama. Kamar yadda ake tsammani, a cikin wannan kwarin akwai tsarin ruwa a yankin kudu na Basin wanda ke da siffofi masu banƙyama waɗanda ke da alaƙa da maye gurbin tsayawa da yashi tare da haɗin silt da yumɓu. Waɗannan suna da yuwuwar canzawa kuma suna da ƙarancin yanayi.

Wasu son sani

  • Adadin gudummawar Basin ya ƙunsa tsakanin 17.500 da 19,000 hm3 / shekara don amfani daban-daban.
  • An kiyasta gudummawar ruwan karkashin kasa a 3.730 hm3 / shekara, wanda kawai ya wuce 3.300 hm3 / shekara an sallamar da shi zuwa kogin Ebro.
  • Adadin yawan Basin ya kasance mazauna 2.850.000, tare da matsakaita masu yawa na mazauna 33.3 / km2, ƙimar da ke ƙasa da ta ƙasa.
  • Smallananan ƙananan cibiyoyin birane sun fi yawa, 90% daga cikinsu suna da yawan ƙasa da mazauna 2.000.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da kwarin Ebro da halayensa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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