Dutse mafi tsayi a duniya

Everest mafi tsayi a duniya

Lokacin da muke magana game da dutse mafi tsayi a duniya yawanci muna tunanin dutse Everest. Akwai hanyoyi daban-daban don auna tsayin dutsen kuma ƙungiyar masu safiyo sun yanke shawarar auna tsayin duk taron kolin. zangon himalayan. Sun zama suna da sha'awar dutsen da ya wuce duk wasu. Ya kasance saman XV.

Wannan labarin zai gaya muku duk abin da kuke bukatar sani game da tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya kuma za mu gano idan Everest shi ne tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya.

Dutse mafi tsayi a duniya

Chimborazo dutsen mai fitad da wuta

Lokacin da Indiya ta kasance masarautar Birtaniyya, ƙungiyar masu binciken ta fara auna tsayin duk tudun dutsen Himalayas. Sun kirga tsawo a mita 9.000 sama da matakin teku na Babban Taron XV. Wannan yasa ya zama mafi tsayi a duniya. A 1865 sun canza sunan wannan dan uwan ​​zuwa Everest. Wannan sunan ya fito ne daga George Everest, wani masanin Wales wanda ke da alhakin auna kusan dukkan yanayin kasar Indiya. Tun daga wannan shekarar, adadi mai yawa na masu hawa hawa sun yi ƙoƙari su mamaye kololuwarta don nuna wa duniya cewa sun sa ƙafa a kan dutse mafi tsayi a duniya.

Mun san labarai da nau'ikan da ba'a samu kyakkyawar ƙarewa ba. Kuma shine kaiwa wadannan tsaunuka da kafafunmu yana haifar da babban haɗari. Daga wani tsauni, yanayin mahalli bai dace da mutane su tsaya na dogon lokaci ba. Matsin lamba yana raguwa a tsayi kamar yadda zafin jiki yake. Tare da ƙarancin ciyayi, ƙarancin matsi da ƙarancin oxygen, tsayawa a tsawo yana da rikitarwa. A kan wannan muke ƙara wahalar matakin dutsen da dutsen yake da shi yayin da muke ƙaruwa a tsawo.

Duk waɗannan dalilan sune cikakkun cakuda don yawan haɗarin da suka wanzu cikin tarihin waɗancan mutanen da sukayi ƙoƙarin hawa tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya.

Hanyoyin auna dutse

dutse mafi tsayi a duniya

Idan muka auna Everest daga matakin teku, zamu ga cewa shine tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya. Koyaya, akwai wasu tsaunuka da suka fi wannan ƙarfi matuƙar za mu yi amfani da wani ma'aunin don ƙididdigar tsayinta. Mun sani cewa duk wata hanyar aunawa tana karkashin ra'ayin mai lura ne. Wani bangare kuma da za'ayi la'akari dashi a kowace hanyar auna shine ma'anar maganar da muke zaba.

Idan muka yi amfani da ishara daga tushen da waɗannan duwatsu suke, mun ga cewa Kilimanjaro a Tanzania da dutsen tsauni Mauna Kea da Hawaii sun fi Everest girma. Kamar yadda kake gani, gwargwadon bayanin da muke amfani da shi don auna tsawon zamu iya ganin cewa tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya ba. Zai zama mafi ma'ana don kusanci wurin nuni daga asalin dutsen da yake zaune maimakon ɗaukar tsayi sama da matakin teku azaman wurin tunani.

Dutsen Kilimanjaro yana zaune a filayen Afirka waɗanda suke kusa da matakin teku. Idan muka auna wannan dutse daga tushe sai mu ga ya fi Everest tsayi. A wannan bangaren, idan muka binciki Mauna Kea zamu ga ya ma fi haka. Kuma ita ce tana da tushe a gindin teku. Da yake dutsen mai fitad da wuta ne, mun ga cewa asalin yana da zurfin zurfin sama da matakin teku. Duk lokacin da muke nazarin tsayi daga tushe inda dutsen yake zaune, mafi girma shine Mauna Kea.

Samuwar tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya

jerin tsaunuka

Idan muka ɗauki matakin teku a matsayin matattarar ishara, Everest shine tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya. Kuma wannan shine, sirrin tsayin Everest baya cikin taron idan ba a karkashin ƙasa ba. Hanyar da aka kafa wannan dutse ita ce hanyar da ta sami damar sauka a cikin irin wannan babban wuri. Shekaru miliyan 50 da suka gabata farantin nahiyoyin Indiya sun yi karo da na Asiya. Tun duk tarihin Duniya, shine karo mafi girma a cikin shekaru miliyan 400 da suka gabata. Irin wannan karo ya kasance mai tsananin tashin hankali cewa farantin Indiya ba kawai ya lalace ba, har ma ya zame karkashin yankin Asiya. Ta wannan hanyar, wannan faranti, wanda yake mararraba ne a kan nahiya, ya ɗaga tarin ƙasa zuwa sama, ya zama Everest.

Kodayake farantin tectonic suna ta karo a duk duniya, abin da ya faru a ƙarƙashin Everest ya kasance na musamman. A dalilin wannan, wannan tsauni shi ne kawai tsauni mafi tsayi a duniya lokacin da aka rasa shi daga matakin teku.

Tsoffin tsaunuka

Tsaunin tsaunin Himalayan yana da ƙuruciya a cikin shekaru miliyan 50 kawai. Yayin da farantin ke tura farantin Indiya arewa da karkashin Asiya, tsaunukan Himalayan na ci gaba da tashi. A halin yanzu, sojojin da ke turawa sama sun fi tasirin lalatawa. Kamar yadda muka sani, zaizayar da ruwa da iska suka haifar, a tsakanin sauran masu binciken ilimin kasa fara rage girman kololuwa da za'a iya nuna musu. Ofaya daga cikin hanyoyin da za a iya auna shekarun tsauni shi ne ganin girman ruɗi da lalacewar da haɗuwarsa ke sha.

Yawancin masu hawa dutsen da suka hau saman Everest suna yin hakan ne don nuna alfahari da nuna cewa suna da ikon hawa dutse mafi tsayi a duniya. Koyaya, wannan dutsen yana ci gaba da girma a yau. Partsananan sassa na dutsen an yi su ne da dutse, ɗayan mafiya ƙarfi a duniya. Godiya ga wannan abun, sun ba shi damar yin tsayayya da yashwa da kyau fiye da sauran duwatsun da basu da wahala.

Bayan girgizar ƙasa ta ƙarshe a Nepal, duk duwatsun da ke arewacin Kathmandu sun tashi kimanin mita. Sabili da haka, Everest na iya saukowa kaɗan. Wannan bit kwata-kwata bashi da matsala a tsawan tsawan duka. Adadin zaizayar daga daga wani lokaci zuwa ci gaban da turawar faranti ya haifar. Kodayake har yanzu akwai sauran miliyoyin shekaru don yin hakan, Everest zai rasa taken babban dutse a duniya.

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