Mars

Duniyar Mars

Alwaysan adam koyaushe yana da kulawa ta musamman ga duniya a cikin tsarin hasken rana. Wannan duniyar Mars ce. An kira shi jan duniya don launinsa. Ya kasance ɗayan duniyoyi na farko da aka lura dasu ta hanyar hangen nesa kuma daga tsakiyar karni na XNUMX ya fara yin tunani game da yiwuwar wanzuwar rayuwar terasashen waje. Masana kimiyya da yawa sun bayyana wanzuwar hanyoyin da aka tsara don jigilar ruwa da ake ganin yana da amfani ga wayewa.

Mars shine ɗayan duniyar duniyar da aka bincika sosai kuma game da wanene akwai ƙarin bayani. Shin kana son koyon komai game da duniyar Mars? A cikin wannan sakon zamuyi nazarin sa gaba daya. Ci gaba da karatu kuma zaku gano komai 🙂

Hanyoyin Mars

Rayuwa a duniyar Mars

Mars na cikin duniyoyi huɗu masu duwatsu masu amfani da hasken rana. Kamanceceniya da duniyar tamu ya yi tasiri sosai game da imanin rayuwar Martian. Tsarin saman duniya yana da tsari daban-daban na dindindin da iyakokin iyakacin duniya waɗanda ba a zahiri ake yinsu da kankara na gaskiya ba. Ya kasance da wani sanyi na sanyi wanda wataƙila an yi shi ne da busasshiyar kankara.

Yana daya daga cikin kananan taurari a cikin tsarin hasken rana kuma yana da tauraron dan adam guda biyu: Phobos da Deimos. Akwai balaguro zuwa Mars ta jirgin kumbon Marine 4. A ciki, an lura da haske da duhu, don haka masana kimiyya suka yi tunanin kasancewar ruwa a saman. A yanzu ana tunanin cewa an sami ambaliyar ruwa a doron duniya kimanin shekaru miliyan 3,5 da suka gabata. Kamar 'yan shekarun da suka gabata, a cikin 2015, NASA ta tabbatar da shaidar wanzuwar ruwan gishiri mai ruwa.

Samuwar watannin Mars

Sai kawai duniyar mercury bai fi Mars girma ba. Dangane da yanayin juyawa, yana fuskantar yanayi kamar na thatasa kuma hakan ya bambanta tsawon lokacin saboda kewayon da yake yi. An gano dukkanin tauraron dan adam din a shekarar 1877 kuma basu da zobba.

Fassararta ta zagaya Rana yana daukar kwanaki 687 kwatankwacinsu a duniya. Lokacin juyawar sidereal shine kwanakin duniya 1.026 ko awanni 24.623, wanda ya ɗan wuce lokacin juyawar Duniya kaɗan. Don haka, ranar Martian tana da kusan rabin awa fiye da ranar Duniya.

Tsarin kasa

Tsarin kasa

A diamita ne na kilomita 6792, nauyinsa yakai 6.4169 x 1023 kiba da nauyin 3.934 g / cm3. Yana da girman 1.63116 X 1011 km3. Duniya ce mai dunbin dunkule kamar sauran duniyoyi masu fada a ji. Tsarin ƙasa yana gabatar da alamun tasirin akan sauran abubuwan samaniya. Volcanism da motsin dunƙulen ƙasa abubuwa ne da ke da alaƙa da yanayinsa (kamar guguwar ƙura). Duk waɗannan al'amuran suna canzawa da gyaggyara yanayin ƙasa.

Laƙabin sunan jan duniya yana da cikakken bayani mai sauƙi. Soilasar Mars tana da yawancin ma'adanai na baƙin ƙarfe waɗanda ke ba da izini da ba da launi mai launi wanda aka bambanta da shi daga Duniya. Kayatattun wurare a duniyar Mars sun taimaka sosai wajen lura da lissafin lokutan zagayawa.

Yanayin mars

Fuskokin sa suna da matsayi a tsaye. Akwai kankara na kankara, duwatsu masu aman wuta, kwari da hamada. Bugu da kari, an samo hujjoji game da zaizayar kasa mai karfi da ke fama da ramuka cike da kura da guguwa ta kai ta. Suna da nakasa ta hanyar faɗaɗawa da ƙanƙancewa sakamakon canje-canje mai ƙarfi mai ƙarfi. Gida ne ga Dutsen Olympus, babban dutsen mai fitad da wuta a doron duniya a cikin Tsarin Rana, kazalika Valles Marineris, ɗayan ɗayan mafi girma da kuma ban sha'awa canyon can da mutum ya gani, tare da tsayi daidai da nisan tsakanin New York da Los Angeles (Amurka).

Yanayin duniyar Mars

Labarin nishadi

A gefe guda kuma, zamu yi nazarin yanayin sosai. Mun sami kyakkyawan yanayi da nutsuwa. Ya ƙunshi carbon dioxide, nitrogen, da argon. Don ƙarin daidaito, sararin samaniya ya ƙunshi 96% CO2, 2% argon, 2% nitrogen da 1% sauran abubuwan. Kamar yadda kake gani, babu iskar oxygen a cikin yanayin duniyar Mars, don haka rayuwa ba zata wanzu kamar yadda muka santa ba.

Girman duniyar Mars kusan rabin na Duniya ne. Jirgin sama na farko wanda aikinsa ya ci nasara ana kiransa Marine 4 (wanda aka ambata a baya). Don ba ku ra'ayin lokacin da zai ɗauka zuwa Mars daga duniyarmu, akwai tazarar kilomita miliyan 229.

Bayanai masu ban sha'awa

Terrain a duniyar Mars

Anan ga tarin wasu abubuwa masu ban sha'awa game da wannan duniyar tamu da namu:

  • Abu mafi kusa da duniyar Mars da muke dashi a Duniya shine Antarctica. Shine kawai wuri mai ban mamaki inda zaku iya samun yankunan hamada tare da wadataccen kankara.
  • Mun san cewa duniyar jan da kuma tamu duk sun samo asali ne daga jerin abubuwan firgita na duniya. Siffar manyan taurari daga biliyoyin shekaru da suka gabata. Wadannan gutsutsuren da suka rage daga tasirin duniyar Mars sun ƙare da zagaya dukkanin tsarin hasken rana na miliyoyin shekaru ƙarƙashin ikon ƙarfin sauran duniyoyi. Wannan shine yadda suka ƙare anan Duniya.
  • Lessarancin nauyi a duniyar ja kamar na Duniya. Wannan bayanan yana da ban sha'awa, amma a bayyane yake, tunda nauyinsa ya ragu sosai. Akwai ƙasa da kashi 62% ƙasa da na duniyarmu. Mutumin da ya auna kilogiram 100 a duniya zai auna kilo 40 a wajen.
  • Mars tana da yanayi 4 kamar Duniya. Kamar yadda yake faruwa anan, bazara, bazara, kaka da damuna sune yanayi hudu na duniyar jan. Bambanci dangane da abin da muka saba gani shine tsawon kowane lokaci. A arewacin duniya, lokacin bazara na Martian yana tsawan watanni 7 rani kuma na 6, amma faɗuwa da hunturu sun bambanta a ƙananan ƙananan lokuta.
  • An yi wani canjin yanayi a duniyar Mars kamar yadda ya kasance a Duniya.

Kamar yadda kake gani, wannan duniyar tana ɗayan ɗayan mafi yawan waɗanda masana kimiyya suka yi nazari don gaskatawa cewa za ta iya karɓar bakuncin rayuwa ta duniya kuma a matsayin duniyar ficewa ta ƙaura don ƙaura zuwa idan duniyar tamu ta kai iyaka. Kuma ku, kuna tsammanin za a sami rai a duniyar Mars?


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