daina gwadawa

Dutsen tatras

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Dutsen Tatras da halayen sa. Ƙara koyo game da shi anan.

Himalayas

Jerikan tsauni

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tsaunukan dutsen da halayen su. Ƙara koyo game da shi anan.

tsohuwar ilimin ƙasa

Paleozoic

A cikin wannan post duk abin da ya shafi Paleozoic da halayensa an yi bayani dalla -dalla. Ƙara koyo game da wannan mataki.

rashes

Yadda tsaunin tsaunuka suke

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku dalla -dalla yadda aka samar da dutsen mai fitad da wuta, da nau'o'in tsaunukan da sassansu. Ƙara koyo game da shi anan.

magudanan ruwa

Ruwa

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da abin da magudanan ruwa suke da menene halayen su.

dusar ƙanƙara ta Switzerland

Alps na Switzerland

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Alps na Switzerland kuma me yasa ya zama ɗayan sanannun jeri na tsaunuka a duniya.

dutsen mai aman wuta mafi girma a duniya

Mauna Kea

Muna bayyana komai game da dutsen dutsen Mauna Kea da halayensa. Ƙara koyo game da shi anan.

tarihin duniya

Tarihin Duniya

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tarihin Duniya da asalin ta. Ƙara koyo game da shi anan.

etna volcano ya fashe

Dutsen dutsen Etna

Muna gaya muku dalla -dalla duk halaye, fashewar abubuwa da abubuwan da suka faru na dutsen dutsen Etna. Sanin dutsen mai aiki da ƙarfi a Turai cikin zurfi.

muhimmancin stromatolites

Stromatolites

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da stromatolites da halayen su. Ƙara koyo game da waɗannan tsarin dutsen.

girgizar kasa ta San Andres

San Andrés Laifi

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da laifin San Andrés da halayensa. Ƙara koyo game da shi anan.

Kogin Congo

Río Kongo

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Kogin Congo da halayensa. Ara koyo game da wannan kogin a nan.

menene dutse

Menene dutse

A cikin wannan labarin zamu fada muku menene dutse, menene yadda samuwar sa da halayen sa suke. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

ramin zaki

Tekun zaki

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Tekun Zaki da halayensa. Ara koyo game da shi a nan.

babban dutsen dutse mai haske

Dutsen dutsen dutse

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da dutsen dutsen Yellowstone da halayensa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

girgizar kasa taguwar ruwa

Menene girgizar ƙasa

A cikin wannan labarin zamu fada muku menene girgizar kasa, menene musabbabinta da sakamakonta. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

duwatsu caucasus

Duwatsu na Caucasus

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tsaunukan Caucasus da halayensu. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

Gidan ruwa na ruwa na ebro

Kwarin Ebro

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da kwarin Ebro, ilimin ƙasa da tsarin sa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

menene tsibiri

Menene tsibiri

Muna gaya muku dalla-dalla abin da tsibiri yake, yadda ake kafa shi da waɗanne irin nau'ikan da halaye yake da su. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

kewayen tsauni

Betic tsarin

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tsarin Betic da halayensa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan

ziyarci babban kogin

Kogin Colorado

San cikin zurfin duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Canyon Colorado. Koyi game da wannan abin mamakin yanayi.

Altai massif sananne ga shimfidar wurare

Altai Massif

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da altai na Altai. Learnara koyo game da ɗayan wuraren sihiri a duniya.

dusar kankara

Tsibirin Scandinavia

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tsaunukan Scandinavia da halayensa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

gurbatar kogin da ya raba London

Kogin Thames

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Kogin Thames da mahimmancinsa. Learnara koyo game da wannan shahararren kogin.

petrogenesis

Petrogenesis

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da man fetur da mahimmancinsa. Learnara koyo game da geology a nan.

tsaunin tsaunukan arctic

Yankin tsaunukan Arctic

San zurfin halaye, ilimin ƙasa da mahimmancin tsawan tsaunukan Arctic. Anan muna gaya muku komai dalla-dalla.

samuwar dutsen da yake ciki

Simentimentology

Muna gaya muku mahimmancin ilimin sedimentology a matsayin reshe na ilimin ƙasa. San zurfin wannan al'amari.

dutsen mai fitad da wuta a cikakke

Sassan dutsen mai fitad da wuta

Mun bayyana dalla-dalla kowane bangare na dutsen mai fitad da wuta da kuma abin da ayyukansa suke. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

petrology da kankara

Fataroloji

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da ilimin ɗanɗano da halayenta. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

shimfidar wurare na pyrenees

Pyrenees

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Pyrenees da halayensa. Learnara koyo game da waɗannan duwatsu.

kogin California

Tekun califonia

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Tekun Kalifoniya, halaye da halittu daban-daban. Koyi komai game dashi anan.

dusar ƙanƙara da kankara

Mont Blanc

A cikin wannan labarin muna nuna muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Mont Blanc da halayensa. Ara koyo game da shi a nan.

duwatsu masu daraja lu'ulu'u

Duwatsu masu daraja

Muna gaya muku duk halaye da kaddarorin duwatsu masu daraja. Sanin zurfin menene darajarta da abin da akeyi.

launuka na dutse

Vinicunca

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da dutsen Vinicunca wanda aka sani da dutsen launuka 7. Learnara koyo a nan.

glaciers

Mount dafa

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Dutsen Cook da halayensa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

garwa

Drumlin

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da drumlin da horo. Koyi yadda ake samarda wannan ilimin yanayin ƙasa.

halaye na igneous duwatsu

Jahilcin duwatsu

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da duwatsu masu banƙyama da samuwar su. Ara koyo game da rarraba dutse.

ƙananan sassan

Taswirar hoto

Muna gaya muku duk halaye da abubuwan da ke cikin taswirar ƙasa. Ara koyo game da amfani da shi a nan.

kankara mara dadi

Kankara mara dadi

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da halaye da asalin duwatsu masu ƙyalƙyali. Learnara koyo a nan.

yadudduka na Duniya

Dan tudu a geothermal

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da ɗan tudu da mahimmancinsa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

Lithology

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da lithology, wani ɓangaren ilimin ƙasa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

duk duniya tare

Pangea

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da babban yankin da aka sani da Pangea. Ara koyo game da juyin halittar duniyarmu.

orthophoto da aikace-aikace

Orthophoto

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da hoton kotho da manyan halayensa. San amfanin waɗannan hotunan na sama.

musabbabin zaizayar teku

Zaizayar ruwa

Muna gaya muku duk abin da ya kamata ku sani game da zaizayar teku, yadda yake samarwa da kuma irin tasirin da yake da shi kan taimakon bakin teku.

girgizar kasa taguwar ruwa

Girgizar raƙuman ruwa

Muna gaya muku duk halaye, asali da nau'ikan raƙuman ruwa da ke akwai. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

dutsen dutse

Hadarin kasa

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da yadda fasalin ƙasa yake da halayensa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

hawa dutse

K2

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk halaye, samuwar, fure da fauna na Dutsen K2. Ara koyo game da wannan dutse.

Himalaya

Everest

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da halaye, samuwar, yanayi, fure da fauna na Everest.

zagaye na dutse

Rock sake zagayowar

Muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da sake zagayowar dutsen da halayensa. Koyi game da shi a nan.

Vesubio mont

Vesubio mont

Muna gaya muku duk halaye, haɗuwa da ɓarkewa da dutsen Vesuvius ya yi, ɗayan mafi haɗari.

Tekun Caribbean

Caribbean Sea

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk halaye, ilimin ƙasa da samuwar Tekun Caribbean. Ara koyo game da wannan wuri na sama.

Sahara

Sahara

A cikin wannan labarin zamu nuna muku dukkan halaye, flora da fauna na sahara. Ara koyo game da shi a nan.

Alpes

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk halaye, asali, ilimin ƙasa, flora da fauna na tsaunin Alps. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

dutsen tambora da tsauninsa

Tambora dutsen mai fitad da wuta

A cikin wannan labarin zamu nuna muku halaye, samuwar da fashewar dutsen tsaunin Tambora. Learnara koyo game da ɗayan shahararrun dutsen tsawa.

Mauna loa

Mauna loa

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk halaye, samuwar da fashewar dutsen Mauna Loa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

Crystallography

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk halaye da wuraren nazarin kristallography. Learnara koyo game da wannan reshe na kimiyya.

Hawan hayaki

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk halaye da asalin hayakin almara. San komai game da wadannan hanyoyin ilimin kasa.

Kilimanjaro

Muna gaya muku duk halaye, samuwar da fashewar Kilimanjaro. Ara koyo game da shahararren dutsen tsawa a Afirka.

Naranjo de Bulnes

Muna gaya muku duk halaye, ilimin ƙasa da mahimmancin Naranjo de Bulnes. Ara koyo game da wannan ganiya a nan.

gangara kwanciyar hankali

Gangara

A cikin wannan sakon muna gaya muku dalla-dalla abin da gangaren yake da kuma abin da halayensu suke. Ara koyo game da yanayin ƙasa.

Seismogram

A cikin wannan labarin zamu nuna muku yadda ake auna girgizar kasa da kuma menene seismogram. Ara koyo game da shi a nan.

Kerch Strait

Za mu gaya muku duk halaye da mahimmancin ƙasa da mahimmancin mashigar Kerch. Ara koyo game da shi a nan.

Dutsen Fuji

Dutsen Fuji ana ɗauke da dutsen mai fitad da wuta kuma ɗayan mahimman wuraren jan hankali a Japan. San komai game dashi anan.

Nau'in fashewa

Nau'in fashewa

Mun bayyana dukkan halaye da nau'ikan fashewar tsaunukan dutse. Ara koyo game da duwatsu masu aman wuta da fashewa.

Tekun girgije na Teide Volcano

Teide dutsen mai fitad da wuta

A cikin wannan sakon za mu gaya muku duk halaye, haɓakawa, son sani da fashewar dutsen Teide. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

Kogin Mississippi

Kogin Mississippi

A cikin wannan sakon muna nuna muku duk halaye, tsari, fure da fauna na Kogin Mississippi. Learnara koyo game da wannan shahararren kogin.

Tsarin ƙasa

Tsarin ƙasa

Muna gaya muku halaye da mahimmancin tsarin ilimin ƙasa a cikin nazarin faranti na tectonic. Ara koyo game da shi a nan.

Halaye na geology tarihi

Tarihin ilimin kasa

Muna bayanin komai game da ilimin tarihin kasa da mahimmancin sa a matakin kimiyya. Ara koyo game da wannan reshe a nan.

Ma'adanai

Ma'adanai

A cikin wannan labarin muna koya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da ilimin ma'adanai. Shiga nan don ƙarin koyo game da wannan ilimin.

Kwanciya duwatsu

Tsarin ƙasa

Muna bayyana dalla-dalla duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da ilimin ƙasa. Shiga nan dan karin sani game da duniyar tamu.

Abubuwan Halittar Neogene

Lokacin Neogene

A cikin wannan sakon za mu gaya muku duk halaye, ilimin ƙasa, yanayi, fure da fauna na zamanin Neogene. Ara koyo game da wannan matakin ilimin ƙasa.

Ciesarancin dabbobi

Paleocene

A cikin wannan sakon muna bayyana duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Paleocene. Shiga nan don ƙarin koyo game da wannan zamanin ilimin ƙasa.

Pleistocene

Pleistocene

Pleistocene yanki ne na yanayin kasa tsakanin lokacin Quaternary. Shiga nan don sanin duk bayanan game da shi.

Tsarin aiki

Menene stratigraphy

Zamu gaya muku menene stratigraphy a matsayin reshen ilimin geology. Shigar da wannan sakon don sanin irin amfanin wannan ilimin.

Magnetic filin duniya

Geomagnetism

A cikin wannan sakon muna gaya muku dalla-dalla abin da geomagnetism yake da abin da yake yi. Shiga nan don ƙarin koyo game da shi.

Juyin Halitta na Duniya

Kun kasance ilimin ƙasa

A cikin wannan labarin muna koya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da zamanin ilimin ƙasa. Shiga nan don ƙarin koyo game da shi.

Gilacier tallan kayan kawa

Gilacier tallan kayan kawa

A cikin wannan sakon muna gaya muku menene samfurin kankara da kuma irin tasirin da yake da shi kan gyaran yanayin ƙasa. Learnara koyo game da shi a nan.

Galena ma'adinai

Duk game da ma'adinan galena

A cikin wannan sakon muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da galena ɗin ma'adinai. Koyi amfani da shi, halaye da asali a nan.

Tankunan da ba a saka ba

Menene gurbi

Muna koya muku abin da gurbi yake a cikin ilimin ƙasa. Tare da wannan sakon zaka iya samun bayanai kan irin bayanan da wannan lamarin yake bayarwa.

Benioff jirgin sama

Benioff jirgin sama

Koyi a cikin wannan labarin menene jirgin Benioff kuma yaya mahimmancinsa don fahimtar aikin girgizar ƙasa.

Halaye na manyan kololuwa

Tsaunukan Andes

A cikin wannan labarin mun bayyana manyan halayen kewayon tsaunin Andes, da asalin sa, flora da fauna.

shaida tudu

Shaidar tsauni

Muna koya muku abin da tsaunin shaida yake a cikin ilimin ƙasa. Koyi game da mafi kyawun tsarin ilimin ƙasa akan duniyarmu.

Kogin Tigris ya gudana

Kogin Tigris

A cikin wannan sakon za mu gaya muku halaye na Kogin Tigris. Koyi anan game da mahimmancin wannan kogin, tsirrai da dabbobin sa. Kada ku rasa shi!

Poljé de Zafarraya

Menene poljé

Za mu gaya muku abin da ake kira poljé da kuma mahimmancinsa ga mutane da kuma ilimin ƙasa. Koyi game da shi a nan.

Halaye na tip

Menene cape

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku abin da keɓaɓɓe yake da yadda yake da mahimmanci dangane da igiyoyin ruwa da kewayawa. Koyi game da shi a nan.

Menene haraji

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da abin da haraji yake da mahimmancin sa. Koyi game da shi a nan.

Tsarin ƙasa yana da sunaye daban-daban dangane da asalinsu da asalinsu.  A yau za mu yi magana ne game da yanayin juzu'i na asalin ƙasa wanda aka fi sani da tombolo.  Yanayi ne na yanki wanda ya samar da mahaɗan ƙasa tsakanin tsibiri da ƙasa, dutsen da ke nesa da babban yankin, tsakanin tsibirai biyu, ko tsakanin manyan duwatsu biyu.  Mun san wasu misalai na tombolo kamar su sands isthmus wanda ya haɗu da Rock of Gibraltar tare da babban yankin.  A cikin wannan labarin zamuyi magana game da halayen tombolo da yadda ake samunta.  Gabaɗaya Waɗannan tsare-tsaren ilimin ƙasa suna faruwa ne saboda tsibiran suna haifar da ƙyamar motsi na raƙuman ruwa.  A yadda aka saba, wannan jujjuyawar raƙuman ruwan yana ajiye yashi da manyan duwatsu a yankin da suka fasa.  Yayinda matakin tekun ya tashi, yana bada gudummawa don zame dukkan kayan da raƙuman ruwa suka ajiye.  Waɗannan kayan da aka tura su suna yin hanya kamar waɗanda muke gani a cikin batun Chesil Beach.  Wannan tombolo ya haɗu da tsibirin Portland tare da Dorset yana ba da rahoton dutsen da ke kusa da bakin teku.  Bari mu binciki dutsen kabarin Gibraltar.  Wannan dutsen yana cikin ƙarshen kudu maso yamma na Turai akan Yankin Iberian.  Ba wani abu bane illa aikin farar ƙasa wanda tsayinsa yakai mita 426.  Wannan dutsen sanannen sananne ne don karɓar kusan macaques 250, farkon birrai a cikin Turai.  Hakanan yana da hanyar sadarwa ta labyrinthine na rami wanda, tare da macaques, suke maida shi yawon shakatawa duk shekara.  Wannan dutsen ana ɗaukarsa ajiyar ƙasa.  Ana kiran kaburbura ma tsibirai masu ɗaure saboda da alama ba a raba su gaba ɗaya da bakin teku ba.  Wannan samuwar na iya zama kamar babu shi ko kuma an samo shi a cikin rukuni.  Lokacin da muka samo shi cikin rukuni-rukuni, sandun sand ɗin suna yin shinge kamar dai shi ne lagoon kusa da bakin teku.  Wadannan lagoons na wucin gadi ne tunda tabbas zasu cika da danshi a kan lokaci.  Yadda ake kirkirar tombolo Wannan garari na bakin teku yana faruwa yayin da taguwar ruwa ke tura laka.  Wannan laka ana iya hada ta da yashi, raƙumi da yumɓu.  Wannan dattin ya tara tsakanin rairayin bakin teku da tsibirin, yana haifar da yankin tarawa wanda za'a iya gani yayin da tsibirin ke hade da babban yankin.  Tafiya ta ruwa ta dogara da shugabancin iska.  Domin iska ta samar da ci gaba shugabanci na iska dole ne ya kasance zuwa mafi rinjayen shugabanci.  In ba haka ba, ba za ku iya tara tarin laka a hanya guda ba.  Wani lokaci, idan waɗannan abubuwan sun faru ne saboda guguwar bakin teku, ba a ɗauka ta gaskiya ba ce.  Tombolo na gaskiya shine wanda aka samar dashi ta hanyar rarrabuwa da raƙuman ruwa.  Ayyuka suna bin haɓakar da ke iko da ƙarfi da jagorancin iska.  Waɗannan wutsiyoyi suna zuwa bakin teku kuma suna rage gudu yayin da suke tafiya ta cikin ƙaramin ruwa.  Wannan jinkirin yana faruwa ne saboda gogayyar raƙuman ruwa da ƙasa.  Wannan karfin gogayyar yana rage saurin da rawan yake tafiya har yakai ga karyewa.  Da kyau, lokacin da ya isa tsibirin suna kusa da bakin teku, saboda raƙuman ruwa suna tafiya a hankali fiye da yadda aka saba, suna zagaya tsibirin maimakon su wuce shi.  Yayin da ruwa ke tafiya a hankali a kusa da tsibirin, sai ya tara layu a kan hanya.  Ana ajiye daskararru kuma suna ci gaba da tarawa har zuwa ƙirƙirar sand yashi wanda ya haɗu da tsibirin da shirin.  Babu shakka, wannan ko tsari ne mai tsayi a cikin lokaci.  A wasu kalmomin, wannan yana da alaƙa da ma'aunin lokacin ƙasa (hanyar haɗi).  Mafi shahararrun alamomi a duniya Gaba, zamuyi bayanin manyan halaye na shahararrun alamu a duniya.  Mun fara da ɗayan a Chesil Beach.  Tana cikin Dorset, kudancin Ingila.  An bayyana shi da kasancewa tsayin mita 115 sama da matakin teku kuma yana da rairayin bakin teku wanda yake da tsawon kilomita 29 da faɗi mita 200.  Wannan shine mahimmancin wannan ɗan yaron wanda UNESCO ta sanya shi a matsayin Gidan Tarihi na Duniya.  Wani sanannen tombolo shine na Trafalgar.  Wannan tsari ya shiga cikin teku ya bashi kwalliyar pear mai kyau.  Yana samar da kyakkyawan wuri mai faɗi tare da rairayin bakin teku masu yawa a cikin dutsen da ke ba da ra'ayoyi mai ban mamaki.  Sha'awar wannan samuwar ta samo asali ne daga gaskiyar cewa shi ne kawai misalin 'yan toba biyu a cikin Andalusia.  A cikin wannan haɗarin ilimin ƙasa mun tarar da cewa gari ya ɓuɓɓuga gari ta hanyar raƙuman ruwa kuma ya kirkiro wasu tombolos guda biyu waɗanda suka haɗu da tsibiri da bakin teku.  Wannan ƙungiyar ta ƙunshe a cikin cikin ƙananan ƙananan baƙin ciki wanda ke ambaliya lokacin da hawan sama ya fi yadda yake.  Koyaya, wannan damuwa yana da ƙididdigar kwanakinsa tunda kayan zasu binne kuma sun rage zurfin.  Lokacin da tekun ta ja baya, iska ta kirkiro da tsarin dunes a bakin rairayin bakin teku kudu da tsibirin.  Yawancin lokaci, zaizayar ƙasa ta ba da gudummawa ga burbushin waɗannan shakku.  A yau duk wannan tsarin dunes an rufe shi da tsire-tsire kamar su junipers da mastic.  Hakanan yakamata ayi la'akari da cewa ciyayi suna hidiman gyara yashi.  Misali, zamu sami furanni na bango, kayan teku da furannin lilin na teku waɗanda ke taimakawa gyara yashi da samar da bargo mai launi.  A cikin yankunan da aka daidaita, zamu iya samun ƙahonin teku, sagebrush da carnations.  A gefe guda kuma, a yankin da ambaliyar ta mamaye mun sami ciyayi waɗanda suke aiki a matsayin masauki na yau da kullun don nau'ikan tsuntsaye irin su bahar teku, da tsuntsaye masu launin ja da kuma ƙafafun ƙafafun ƙafa.

Menene tombolo

Muna nuna muku manyan halayen tombolo da yadda ake kafa shi. Ara koyo game da wannan tsarin ilimin ƙasa a nan.

Yanayin shimfidar wuri da mafi kololuwa

Duwatsun Apennine

Muna koya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tsaunukan Apennine. Cordella ne yake kafa ƙashin bayan Italiya.

Canchal

Menene matsala

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku abin da scree yake da yadda ake kafa shi. San komai game da wannan tsarin ilimin kasa wanda ke faruwa a cikin tsaunuka.

circier circus

Gilashi circus

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da kankara na kankara. Koyi game da halaye da mahimmanci.

Sarkar dutse

Menene yaregraphy

A cikin wannan labarin mun nuna muku yadda lafazin ƙasa yake da kuma mahimmancin karatunsa. Anan zaku iya samun kyakkyawan bayani.

Dutse mai tsoma baki

Duwatsu masu tsinkaye

A cikin wannan labarin mun mai da hankali kan gaya muku menene manyan nau'ikan duwatsu na plutonic da halayensu. Koyi komai game dashi anan.

Kamar yadda aka ambata a wasu labaran, shekarun Duniya ana tsammanin zai kasance tsakanin shekaru biliyan 4.400 da 5.100.  Wannan ka'idar an ƙaddara ta hanyar amfani da hanyoyin sadarwar rediyo ta hanyar bayanai da kayan da za'a iya fitarwa daga meteorites.  Hujjar da ke tabbatar da hakan daidai take, don haka ana iya cewa wannan shine asalin Duniya.  Don bayanin duk abubuwan da suka faru akan duniyar tamu, ana amfani da zahiri.  Doka ce wacce ta dogara da yakinin cewa al'amuran da suka faru a tsawon tarihi iri daya ne da wadanda suke faruwa a yanzu.  A cikin wannan labarin zamu nuna menene hakikanin abu, menene halayen sa da kuma yadda yake da mahimmanci.  Menene ka'ida? Ka'ida ce wacce James Hutton ya bayar kuma Charles Lyell ya ci gaba da haɓakawa (mahaɗin) wanda aka tabbatar da cewa ayyukan da suka faru a duk tarihin duniya sunyi kama da waɗanda ke faruwa a cikin yanzu.  Saboda haka ake kiran wannan ka'idar da zahiri.  Wannan ainihin abin ma ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin lalacewa.  Abun yau shine fasalin ilimin ƙasa na yau da kullun kwatsam a baya saboda canje-canje da canje-canje.  Wasu daga cikin mahimman kayan aikin da zahirin gaskiya da daidaiton aiki suke amfani da su wajen zakulo bayanai daga abubuwan da suka gabata shine mamaye sararin samaniya, rabon gado da kuma abubuwan da suka faru a da da kuma canjin zamani.  An tabbatar da wannan doka a cikin karni na XNUMX da kuma farkon karni na XNUMX.  Masana ilimin halitta ne suka iya tantance gaskiyar abubuwan ta hanyar binciken abubuwan da ke saman Duniya.  Wadannan masana halitta sun tabbatar kuma sun goyi bayan kansu akan wadannan hujjojin domin fahimtar asalin halittar duniya da duk wata jujjuyawarta.  A hankalce yana da ma'ana.  Me yasa ayyukan zasu canza akan lokaci?  Hanyoyin canjin yanayi, ƙasa, wakilan ƙasa (hanyar haɗi), da sauransu.  Su ɗaya ne waɗanda suka yi aiki a farkon komai.  Dole ne ku lura cewa kafin yanayin ba shi da irin wannan yanayin.  Amma hakane, har zuwa yau, ana canza abun da yake ciki.  Wataƙila ma'aunin lokacin ilimin ƙasa ne (mahaɗin) wanda ya sa muke tunanin cewa akwai wasu abubuwan da suka faru a gaban ƙasa fiye da yadda muke yanzu.  Iska, ruwan teku, ruwan sama, hadari, dss.  Sun kuma faru ne lokacin da Duniya ta samo asali.  A saboda wannan dalili, abin da akidar yanzu ke karewa ita ce cewa irin waɗannan abubuwan ne suka canza duniya kuma suka haifar mata da juyi, amma har zuwa yau, suna da tasiri da aiki.  Farawa An bayyana asalin yanayin ƙasa da sihiri ta wannan hanyar ta ayyukan ruwa, iska, da raƙuman ruwa da suke lura da su kuma waɗanda zasu iya auna tasirin a kowace rana.  Waɗanda suka ci gaba da wanzuwar masifa, sun yi adawa da ra'ayoyi na zahiri, tun da suna kare manyan kwari, tsarin ƙasa da tafkuna na ruwa ta hanyar masifu masu ban mamaki waɗanda suka faru a baya.  Ana iya samunsu a cikin ayoyin addini kamar su Baibul da Ruwan Tsufana wanda za a iya bayanin sa da alhakin manyan lafuffukan cuwa-cuwa da suka mamaye filin kwari.  A cikin wannan duka akwai kuma wuri ɗaya.  Kimiyyar ilimin kasa ne wanda ka'idojinsa suka ce hanyoyin da suke wanzu a halin yanzu sun faru ne a hankali.  Bugu da kari, su ne sababin yanayin kasa da duniyarmu ke da ita.  Abinda daidaituwa ke karewa shine cewa waɗannan matakan an ci gaba har zuwa yau ba tare da canje-canje ba.  Hakikanin ilimin dabi'a Ka'ida ce wacce take raya alakar dake tsakanin halittu masu rai a yau da wadanda suka gabata.  Asali, ainihin gaskiyar ilimin halitta shine ya tabbatar da cewa hanyoyin da rayayyun halittu suke aiwatarwa a yau suma anyi su a baya.  Cewa babu ɗayan wannan da ya canza ya zuwa yanzu.  Don sanya shi karara da kuma saukin fahimta.  Idan jinsi ya numfasa kuma ya hayayyafa, to da alama waɗannan hanyoyin ma sun yi miliyoyin shekaru da suka gabata.  Don haka, idan muka haɗa wannan da tsarin ilimin ƙasa, za mu tabbatar da cewa ayyuka iri ɗaya suna faruwa koyaushe kuma babu ɗayan da ya canza a yau.  Gaskiya ne cewa waɗannan matakan suna da yanayin su, ganin cewa rayayyun halittu dole ne su saba da sabon yanayin da yanayin da wakilan kansu suke canzawa tsawon shekaru.  Koyaya, kodayake nuances suna canzawa, ana girmama tushen aikin, ma'ana, an busa masa rai kuma suna hayayyafa.  Hakikanin ilimin halitta ya shafi tsari kamar haifuwa da maye.  Abubuwa sun riga sun fara canzawa lokacin da muke magana game da halayyar halittu masu rai.  A wannan yanayin, hanyoyin suna da rikitarwa don amfani da ainihin ilimin ƙirar halitta.  Kamar yadda daidaikun mutane suka saba da sababbin yanayi, ba zamu iya bada tabbacin cewa halaye iri daya suke dashi a kowane lokaci ba.  Bugu da ƙari kuma, ba shi yiwuwa a gano ɗabi'un da suka ɓace kuma a san shin ya yi daidai da na yanzu, miliyoyi da miliyoyin shekaru da suka gabata.  Misali, kafin shekarun kankara (mahada), rayayyun halittu dole ne su gyara halayen su domin dacewa da yanayi da rayuwa.  Hijira daya daga cikin halaye ne da aka kiyaye dasu yayin rikidewar halittu masu rai, tunda dabi'a ce ta rayuwa don son samun wurin zama inda zasu hayayyafa kuma su sami kyakkyawan yanayin rayuwa.  Tarihin ilimin kasa na zahiri Don neman dukkan bayanai game da abin da ya faru a tsawon tarihi, ana amfani da zahirin gaskiya da kuma daidaiton aiki, waɗanda ake kare su a cikin faɗuwar mutum, abubuwan da suka biyo baya da kuma mamaye ƙasa.  Dangane da bayanan da za a iya samu daga sassa daban-daban na burbushin halittu, muna da abubuwa masu zuwa: • Matsayin da suke da shi dangane da matakin teku • Yanayin zafin da suka rayu • Fure da dabbobin da suke ciki a lokacin • Lokacin da akwai manya-manya motsin motsa jiki Kamar yadda kake gani, kimiyya tayi kokarin bayanin yadda Duniyar ta kasance a yau.

Aikin gaskiya

A cikin wannan labarin muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da haƙiƙa da kuma canjin Duniya. Gano duk wannan anan.

Tafkin Loess

Tafkin Loess

A cikin wannan labarin zamu nuna muku halaye, tsari da mahimmancin tankin Loess. Koyi komai game dashi anan.

Ma'adanai da duwatsu

Ma'adanai da duwatsu

A cikin wannan labarin zamu nuna muku halaye na ma'adanai da duwatsu, da kuma rabe-rabensu. Idan kuna da shakku game da shi, wannan sakon ku ne.

Ediacara fauna

Ediacara fauna

A cikin wannan labarin muna magana don bayyana asirin Ediacara fauna. Idan kuna son ilimin ƙasa da juyin halitta, a nan zaku koya game da shi.

Tabbas wani lokaci a rayuwar ku kun ziyarci kogo.  Kogwanni suna da kyawawan wurare, masu ban sha'awa da kuma keɓaɓɓiyar muhalli a cikin ƙasa inda muke da yanayin yanayin ƙasa.  A cikin kogo zamu iya godiya da wasu abubuwan kirkirar halittu wadanda suke da matukar birgewa don kyansu da kebanta.  Wadannan tsarin ana kiransu stalactites da stalagmites.  Mutane da yawa suna ɗaukar waɗannan tsarin ilimin ƙasa kamar ayyukan fasaha na gaskiya.  Abu ne wanda ya cancanci sani idan baku taɓa gani ba, tabbas zai ba ku mamaki.  Amma ta yaya stalactites da stalagmites suka bambanta?  Ta yaya ake kafa su?  Za mu amsa duk waɗannan tambayoyin a cikin wannan labarin.  Menene stalactites da stalagmites? Kodayake suna da sunaye iri ɗaya, akwai bambanci sosai tsakanin su.  Samuwar ta da tsarin ta daban.  Stalactites da stalagmites suna da abu ɗaya a hade: su speleotomes.  Wannan ra'ayi yana nuni zuwa ga gaskiyar cewa su ma'adanan ma'adinai ne wadanda ake samu a cikin kogo bayan samuwar su.  Speleotomes suna tasowa sakamakon hazo-sinadaran da ke tashi yayin samuwar abubuwa masu ƙarfi daga mafita.  Dukansu stalactites da stalagmites sun samo asali ne daga adibas din carbonate.  Waɗannan tsarin suna faruwa ne a cikin kogon dutsen farar ƙasa.  Hakan ba yana nufin cewa ba batun bane inda zai iya samuwa a cikin wasu ramuka na wucin gadi ko na ɗan adam wanda ya samo asali daga wasu mahimman ma'adinai daban-daban.  Babban banbanci tsakanin waɗannan hanyoyin biyu shine wurin.  Kowannensu yana da tsari daban-daban fiye da ɗayan kuma, sabili da haka, wurin da yake cikin kogo kuma ya canza.  Bari muyi la'akari da wannan sosai, muna bayanin menene kowannensu.  Stalactites Muna farawa da sifofin da suka samo asali daga rufi.  Girmanta yana farawa daga saman kogon kuma yana gangarawa ƙasa.  Farkon stalactite digo ne na ruwan da aka haƙa.  Yayin da digon ya fadi, suna barin alamun calcite a baya.  Calcite wani ma'adinai ne wanda ya ƙunshi ƙwayoyin calcium, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa yake haɗuwa da haɗuwa da ruwa.  Shekaru da yawa, bayan faɗuwar ruwan dumi da aka samu a jere, ana samun ƙarin ƙididdigar ajiya da tarawa.  Lokacin da wannan cunkoson mutane ne, sai mu ga ya kara girma ya kuma karu da siffofi daban-daban.  Mafi yawan siffar ita ce siffar mazugi.  Mafi mahimmanci shine ganin adadi mai yawa na ƙwanƙwasa ƙwanƙwasa tare da ruwa mai faɗuwa daga rufi.  Girman cones ya dogara da yawan ɗigon ruwa da ke yawo a wannan yankin da kuma lokacin da wannan kwararar ɗigon ke jan ƙirar.  Ana iya cewa stalactites tsarin dutse ne waɗanda aka kirkira daga sama zuwa ƙasa.  A tsakiyar stalactite, akwai magudanar da ruwa mai ma'adinan ke ci gaba da zagawa.  Wannan yanayin shine yake banbanta su da sauran tsarin ilimin kasa wanda yake da kamanni iri daya.  Stalagmites Yanzu muna ci gaba da bayanin stalagmites.  A gefe guda, su tsari ne wanda ya samo asali daga ƙasa kuma ya haɓaka zuwa sama.  Kamar waɗanda suka gabata, masu tallafi suna farawa ta hanyar ɗigon ma'adinai tare da ƙididdigar ƙira.  Wadannan digo na faduwa suna tara kudaden ajiya a jere.  Abubuwan da aka tsara a nan na iya bambanta fiye da yadda tunda ba su da mashiga ta tsakiya kamar stalactites ta inda digon ruwa ke yawo saboda ƙarfin nauyi.  Bambanci daya shine cewa sunfi stalactites girma.  Saboda tsarin samuwar, stalagmites suna da madaidaicin fasali maimakon siffar mazugi.  Hakanan ya zama sananne ga wasu tare da tsari mara tsari.  Siffofin da aka fi sani sune siffofin tubular madaidaiciya waɗanda ake kira macaroni.  Sauran hanyoyin na yau da kullun sune conulitos (suna da tsari kamar bakin dutse), lu'ulu'u (tare da siffar zagaye) da wasu ƙari.  Stalactites da stalagmites yawanci suna fuskantar juna.  Abu ne sananne a ga stalactite a sama kuma daidaitacce zuwa gare shi stalagmite.  Wannan ya faru ne saboda gaskiyar cewa digo-digo da suke sauka daga stalactite suna da alamun ƙididdiga waɗanda aka ajiye a ƙasa don samar da stalagmite.  Yadda aka kafa stalactites da stalagmites Za mu binciki tsarin samuwar duka kudaden.  Kamar yadda muka ambata a baya, an samar dasu ne ta hanyar yanayin hazo mai guba.  Wadannan ma'adanai masu saukar da ruwa suna narkewa cikin ruwa.  An kirkiro wadannan sifofin ne saboda CO2 wanda aka narkar da shi a cikin ruwan sama yana samar da sanadarin carbonate a yayin da ya hadu da dutsen farar ƙasa.  Dogaro da tsarin ruwan sama da matakin shigar ruwa, waɗannan hanyoyin zasu faru nan bada jimawa ba.  Ruwan ruwan sama ne da yake ratsa ƙasa ya narkar da dutsen farar ƙasa.  A sakamakon haka, waɗannan ɗigon suna ba da siffofi ga waɗannan adibas ɗin.  Calcium bicarbonate yana narkewa sosai a cikin ruwa kuma shine abin da ake samu bayan an taɓa shi da CO2 wanda ruwan sama ke kawowa.  Wannan bicarbonate yana samar da waje inda CO2 ya tsere wanda idan, a lokacin da yake amsawa, ya kankama ne ta hanyar sanadarin carbonate.  Carbon carbonate yana fara samo wasu maganganu a kusa da inda digon yake faduwa.  Wannan yana faruwa ne kawai a cikin maɓuɓɓugar wuri, yayin da digo ya faɗi saboda ƙarfin nauyi wanda ke tilasta su su fado ƙasa.  Sabili da haka, ɗigon ya ƙare yana zubewa ƙasa.  Inda zaka ga wadannan tsarin Babu shakka za ka birge idan har baka taba ganin wadannan tsarin ba a da (wanda ba haka ba ne).  Koyaya, zamu gaya muku wuraren da zaku iya samun mafi girma tsarin tsayayyar stalactite da stalagmite.  Kasancewa mai saurin jinkiri, don kawai suyi girma 2,5 cm a tsayi, yana ɗaukar kimanin shekaru 4.000 ko 5.000.  Ana iya samun mafi girma a cikin duniya a cikin Kogon Nerja, wanda yake a lardin Malaga.  Tana da tsayin mita 60 a tsayi kuma 18 a faɗi.  Ya ɗauki shekaru 450.000 kafin ya zama cikakke.  A gefe guda, mafi girman stalagmite a duniya yana da tsayin mita 67 kuma zamu iya samun sa a cikin kogon Martín Infierno, a Cuba.

Stalactites da tsayayyu

A cikin wannan sakon munyi bayani dalla-dalla yadda aka kafa stalactites da stalagmites kuma inda zaku iya ziyartar mafi girma a duniya.

geosphere

geosphere

A cikin wannan sakon zaku iya samun duk abin da ya danganci halaye da mahimmancin yanayin duniya. Shiga nan don sani game da shi.

Kogin Colorado

Colorado Colorado

A cikin wannan sakon muna gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Kogin Colorado. Shiga nan don gano fasalin ban sha'awa na wannan shahararren kogin.

A wannan duniyar akwai wuraren da haɗari ya yawaita fiye da na wasu kuma, sabili da haka, waɗannan yankuna suna karɓar sunaye masu ban mamaki waɗanda kuke tsammani suna nufin wani abu mafi haɗari.  A wannan yanayin zamuyi magana game da zoben Pacific na wuta.  Wadansu sun san shi azaman zoben wuta ne na Pacific wasu kuma a matsayin bel-daurin-Pacific.  Duk waɗannan sunaye suna nufin yankin da ke kewaye da wannan teku da kuma inda akwai maɗaukakin girgizar ƙasa da aikin tsauni mai ƙarfi.  A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku abin da zoben wuta na Pacific yake, wane irin halaye yake da shi da mahimmancinsa ga karatu da sanin duniyar tamu.  Menene Ringungiyar Wuta ta Pacific A cikin wannan yanki mai kama da koki na dawakai kuma ba da'irar ba, an yi rikodin adadi mai yawa na girgizar ƙasa da na tsaunuka.  Wannan ya sa wannan yanki ya zama mafi haɗari saboda bala'o'in da za a iya haifarwa.  Wannan bel din ya kai sama da kilomita 40.000 daga New Zealand zuwa duk gabar yamma ta Kudancin Amurka.  Hakanan ya ratsa dukkanin gabar tekun gabashin Asiya da Alaska kuma ya ratsa arewa maso gabas Arewa da Amurka ta Tsakiya.  Kamar yadda aka ambata a cikin tectonics na plate (mahaɗin), wannan bel ɗin yana alama gefunan da suke wanzuwa a kan tekun Pacific tare da wasu ƙananan faranti na tectonic waɗanda ke yin abin da ake kira ɓawon burodin ƙasa (mahada).  Kasancewa yanki mai tsananin girgizar kasa da aikin aman wuta, an sanyashi a matsayin mai hatsari.  Yaya aka kafa ta?  Ringarfin wuta na Pacific an ƙirƙira shi ta hanyar motsi na faranti na tectonic.  Faranti ba a gyara su ba, amma suna cikin ci gaba.  Wannan ya faru ne saboda kwararar iskar ruwa da ke cikin aljihun Duniya.  Bambancin yawa na kayan yana haifar dasu da motsawa da haifar da motsi na faranti na tectonic.  Ta wannan hanyar, ana samun ƙaura na centan santimita a shekara.  Ba mu lura da shi a ma'aunin ɗan adam ba, amma yana nuna idan muka kimanta lokacin ilimin ƙasa (haɗi).  A cikin miliyoyin shekaru, motsin waɗannan faranti ya haifar da samuwar zoben wuta na Pacific.  Farantin tectonic basu gama hadewa da juna ba, amma akwai tazara a tsakaninsu.  Galibi suna da kauri kusan 80 kuma suna wucewa ta hanyoyin da aka ambata ɗazu a cikin rigar.  Kamar yadda waɗannan faranti ke motsawa, suna daɗa duka biyun su yi karo da juna.  Dogaro da nauyin kowane ɗayansu, ɗayan ma na iya nutsewa akan ɗayan.  Misali, faranti na teku suna da girma fiye da na nahiyoyi.  Sabili da haka, sune waɗanda lokacin da faranti biyu suka yi karo, suka daidaita gaban ɗayan.  Wannan motsi da karowar faranti yana haifar da tsananin aikin ilimin kasa a gefunan farantin.  Saboda wannan, ana ɗaukar waɗannan yankuna a matsayin masu aiki na musamman.  Iyakokin farantin da muke samu: • Iyakokin Convergent.  A cikin waɗannan iyakokin akwai inda faranti tectonic ke karo da juna.  Wannan na iya haifar da farantin da ya fi nauyi yi karo da wanda ya fi wuta.  Ta wannan hanyar, abin da aka sani da yankin duarfafawa an ƙirƙira shi.  Farantu ɗaya ya ɗora dayan.  A cikin wadannan wuraren da wannan ke faruwa, akwai adadin volcanism mai yawa saboda wannan subduction yana sa magma ta tashi ta cikin ɓawon burodi.  Babu shakka, wannan ba ya faruwa a cikin ɗan lokaci.  Tsari ne da ke daukar biliyoyin shekaru.  Wannan shine yadda aka kafa bakunan dutse.  • Iyakokin bambanta.  Waɗannan su ne waɗanda gaba ɗaya saba wa convergent wadanda.  A cikin waɗannan faranti suna cikin yanayin rabuwa.  Kowace shekara suna rabu da ɗan ƙarami, suna ƙirƙirar sabon yanayin teku.  • Iyakokin canzawa.  A cikin waɗannan iyakokin faranti ba sa rabuwa ko haɗuwa, suna zamewa ne kawai a cikin layi ɗaya ko a kwance.  • Wuraren zafi.  Su ne yankuna inda taguwar ƙasa da ke ƙasa da farantin ta fi sauran yankuna zafin jiki.  A waɗannan yanayin, magma mai zafi zai iya tashi zuwa saman kuma ya samar da wutar lantarki mai aiki sosai.  Consideredididdigar faranti ana ɗaukar su waɗancan wuraren da aikin da ke tattare da ilimin ƙasa da na tsaunuka yake.  Saboda wannan dalili, al'ada ne cewa yawancin duwatsun wuta da girgizar ƙasa suna mai da hankali ne a cikin zoben wutar Pacific.  Matsalar ita ce lokacin da girgizar ƙasa ta auku a cikin teku kuma ta haifar da tsunami tare da tsunami daidai da ta.  A waɗannan yanayin, haɗarin yana ƙaruwa ta yadda zai iya haifar da bala'i kamar wanda ya faru a Fukushima a cikin 2011.  Ringungiyar Pacific Fire Active Kamar yadda wataƙila kuka lura, ba a rarraba duwatsun wuta a ko'ina cikin duniya.  Quite akasin haka.  Wasu bangare ne na yankin da aikin kasa ya fi girma.  Idan wannan aikin bai wanzu ba, da duwatsun wuta ba za su wanzu ba.  Girgizar ƙasa tana faruwa ne ta hanyar taruwa da sakin kuzari tsakanin faranti.  Waɗannan girgizar ƙasa sun fi yawan gaske a cikin ƙasashen da muke tsaye kusa da yankin Zobe na Wuta.  Kuma shine wannan zoben wuta ya tattara 75% na duk dutsen da ke aiki a doron ƙasa baki ɗaya.  90% na girgizar asa kuma suna faruwa.  Akwai tsibirai da tsibirai da yawa tare da tsaunuka daban-daban da ke da ƙarfi da fashewar abubuwa.  Har ila yau, baka na tsaunuka masu yaduwa.  Su sarƙoƙi ne na volcanoes waɗanda suke kwance a saman faranti na subduction.  Wannan gaskiyar ta sa mutane da yawa a duniya suna da sha'awa da tsoro ga wannan bel na wuta.  Wannan saboda ikon da sukeyi yana da girma kuma yana iya fitar da ainihin bala'oi.

Ringungiyar Wuta ta Pacific

A cikin wannan labarin muna nuna muku manyan halayen zoben Pacific na wuta, asalin sa da mahimmancin sa. Kada ku rasa shi!

Halaye na ainihin Duniya

Jigon Duniya

A cikin wannan sakon munyi cikakken bayani dalla-dalla game da halaye, abubuwan da suka kunshi da asalin asalin duniyar. Shiga don sanin komai game dashi.

Magnetic filin duniya

Magnetic filin duniya

A cikin wannan kasidar zamuyi bayani ne akan yadda maganadisu yake a duniya, menene kuma yadda yake samo asali. Shiga nan dan karin sani game da duniyar tamu.

Inasashen Turai da na teku

Rustungiyar ɓaɓɓake

A cikin wannan labarin munyi bayani dalla-dalla game da duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da ɓawon nahiyoyi da abubuwan da ke ciki. Kada ku rasa shi!

Pegmatite

Pegmatite

Shiga nan don koyo dalla-dalla komai game da pegmatite. Kuna iya koyo game da halayen sa, asalin sa da kuma amfanin sa.

panoramic na nahiyar shiryayye

Tsarin ƙasa

Yankin nahiya yana da mahimmin mahimmanci ga gwamnatoci kamar yadda yake ba da albarkatun ƙasa da yawa, shiga nan ku koya game da shi.

Aconcagua

Aconcagua

Muna bayyana dalla-dalla duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Aconcagua. Shiga nan dan sanin girman wadannan tsaunuka. Kada ku rasa shi!

Sandstone

Sandstone

Dutse shine mafi yawan dutsen da ke cikin ƙasa. Shiga nan don sanin komai game da dutsen nan. Yana amfani, horo da rarrabuwa.

Kayan lambu na Basque Mountains

Basque Mountains

A cikin wannan sakon zaku iya samun cikakken bayani game da tsaunukan Basque. Koyi game da ilimin ƙasa, ciyayi da yanayin waɗannan duwatsu.

Montes de León

Montes de León

A cikin wannan sakon zaku iya samun kyakkyawar bayani game da Montes de León. Za ku iya sanin manyan tsaunuka da kololuwarsa da kuma yanayin da ke akwai.

Duwatsun Malaga

Duwatsun Malaga

A cikin wannan labarin zaku iya samun tarihin, halaye da kyawawan Montes de Málaga. Shiga nan don sanin shi cikin zurfin.

Abin da zan gani a tsaunukan Toledo

Montes da Toledo

A cikin wannan labarin mun nuna muku abin da za ku gani a tsaunukan Toledo. Muna ba ku kwatancen manyan wuraren da za ku ziyarta. Kada ku rasa shi!

Tsaunukan Galicia

Tsaunukan Galicia

A cikin wannan labarin muna nuna muku duk albarkatun ƙasa na tsaunukan Galician. Koyi game da halayen sa da mahimmancin sa anan.

Dutsen Duniya

Dutsen Duniya

A cikin wannan labarin zaku sami damar gano halaye na yanayin ƙasa na tsaunukan Universal, ban da sanin ɗayan mafi kyawun hanyoyi.

Ural tsaunuka

Ural tsaunuka

Muna gaya muku manyan halaye na tsaunukan Ural da kuma samuwar su, mahimmancin tattalin arziki, flora da fauna. Kada ku rasa shi!

Nicolas Steno

Nicolas Steno ne adam wata

A cikin wannan labarin mun bayyana dukkanin tarihin rayuwar Nicolas Steno da kuma manyan abubuwan da yake yi. Nemo duk game da mahaifin ilimin ƙasa.

James hutton

James hutton

A cikin wannan sakon muna gaya muku dalla dalla kan tarihin rayuwa da abubuwan binciken da James Hutton ya ba da gudummawa game da ilimin ƙasa. San komai game dashi.

Manyan tabkuna a duniya

Babban tabkuna a duniya

Shiga nan don sanin manyan tabkuna a duniya kuma menene ainihin halayen su. Muna gaya muku daki-daki.

Karl Lyell

Karl Lyell

A cikin wannan labarin, zaku haɗu da Charles Lyell, ɗaya daga cikin iyayen da suka kafa fannin ilimin ƙasa. Shiga kuma koya game da aikinsa da bincikensa.

Yawon shakatawa na Orinoco

Kogin Orinoco

Shiga nan kuma koya komai game da Kogin Orinoco. Ita ce ɗayan manyan koguna a duniya kuma tana da mahimmancin faɗi a Kudancin Amurka.

Samuwar jeri jeri

Orogenesis

Muna bayani dalla-dalla game da duk abin da ya shafi orogenesis. Koyi yadda ake yin jerin tsaunuka. Shigo yanzu!

Manyan Tabkuna 5

Manyan Lakes na Arewacin Amurka

Manyan Manyan Tabkuna 5 na Arewacin Amurka suna da halaye na musamman a duk duniya. Shiga nan ka san duk sirrinsa. Muna gaya muku komai.

diamita na duniya

Menene diamita na Duniya?

A cikin wannan labarin zaku iya sanin menene diamita na Duniya da yadda aka auna ta. Shiga nan kuma koya duk game da shi.

Dutsen Carpathian

Dutsen Carpathian

Duwatsun Carpathian su ne abin da ake nufi da yawancin ayyukan yawon bude ido saboda halaye na musamman. Anan zaku iya sanin duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani da gani.

tekun aegean da ra'ayoyin sa

Tekun Aegean

A cikin wannan sakon zaku fahimci Tekun Aegean a cikin zurfin, daga yadda yake da kuma inda yake zuwa ga bambancin halittu da barazanarta. Shigo ciki ka san shi.

samuwar duniya

Yadda aka halicci Duniya

A cikin wannan sakon zaku iya koyon komai game da yadda aka halicci Duniya. Ara koyo game da duniyarmu da yadda ta kasance a cikin shekaru.

jan teku rairayin bakin teku

Bahar Maliya

A cikin wannan rubutun zaku koyi yadda aka kirkiro Bahar Maliya da kuma menene yanayin fasalin ta. Shin kana so ka koya game da shi? Shiga nan.

masu binciken ilimin kasa

Ma'aikatan ilimin kasa

Masana binciken kasa sune ke kula da sauya fasalin Duniya da kuma sauki. Koyi abin da suke da yadda suke aiki anan.