Jigon Duniya

Halaye na ainihin Duniya

Da tsakiya shine na karshe na yadudduka na Duniya. Hakanan an san shi da sunan endosphere kuma yana da ɗimbin zafi wanda yake a tsakiyar tsakiyar duniyar. A cikin abubuwanda muke dashi zamu iya ganin daskararriyar cibiya wacce take akan ciki da kuma wata zuciyar wacce take ruwa ne. Saboda hanyoyin isar ruwa da ke haifar da bambance-bambance a cikin yawaitar kayan a cikin ainihin duniya da Magnetic filin duniya.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu ga cikakken nazarin ainihin Duniyar da mahimmancinta.

Asali da samuwar

Halaye na ainihin Duniya

Jigon ya samo asali ne bayan duniya. Lokacin da Duniya ta kafa kimanin shekaru biliyan 4.500 da suka gabataKwallan kwalliya ne kawai na dutsen mai zafi. Da kadan kadan yana fama da ruɓar iska mai ƙarfi kuma tare da zafin da aka bashi daga samuwar duniya ya sanya shi yin zafi har ma da ƙarfin narkewar baƙin ƙarfe. Wannan lokacin lokacin da Duniya ta kai wadannan yanayin zafi ana kiranta masifar ƙarfe. Abubuwan narkakken da ke cikin dutsen da duk wani abu mai duwatsu yana da motsi mafi sauri kuma tare da saurin gudu. Sakamakon wannan motsi na ƙananan abubuwa masu ƙima kamar ruwa, iska da siliki, sun sanya su zama alkyabbar Duniya.

Akasin haka, abubuwa masu nauyi da nauyi kamar ƙarfe, nickel da wasu manyan karafa sun sami damar jan karfin duniya zuwa nauyi zuwa tsakiyar. Ta wannan hanyar, abin da muka sani a matsayin farkon farkon asalin duniya ya samu asali. Wannan tsari an san shi da banbancin duniya kuma ta inda muka fara ganin cewa Duniya tana da matakai daban-daban tare da halaye da halaye daban-daban.

Abubuwan da ke cikin duniya

Duniyar duniya

Kamar yadda muka sani, da Dunƙulen duniya kuma alkyabbar tana cike da ma'adanai. Koyaya, ginshiƙan duniya ya ƙunshi mafi yawa daga ƙarfe da ƙananan ƙarfe. Hakanan zamu sami kayan da suke narkewa a cikin baƙin ƙarfe da ake kira siderophiles. Waɗannan abubuwa ba su da yawa a cikin ɓawon burodi kuma, saboda wannan dalili, an kira su ƙarafa masu daraja. A waɗannan karafa masu daraja zamu sami cobalt, gold da platinum.

Wani mahimmin abu da aka samo a cikin tsakiya shine sulfur. 90% na dukkan sulfur a duniya yana cikin ainihin. An san asalin shine mafi ɓangaren ɓangaren duniya. Tsarin ciki yana ƙaruwa da zafin jiki yayin da muke ƙaruwa cikin zurfin. Koyaya, an ba mu fiye da kilomita 6.000 wanda ya raba mu da Duniyar zuwa tsakar duniyar, Yana da matukar wahalar sani a yanayin zafin da wannan narkakken bakin karfe da cibiyar nickel yake. Yanayin zafi ba iri daya bane. Suna canzawa gwargwadon matsin lamba, juyawar Duniya da abubuwan da suka hada cibiya.

Tunda igiyoyin isar ruwa suna haifarda kayan suna motsawa, akwai wasu kayan da suka shiga ainihin "sabo" yayin da wasu suka sake barin kuma basu da narkakkiyar zubi. Wannan saboda kusanci ko nesawar kayan daga tsakiya da kuma wurin narkar da su sosai.

Karatun gaba daya suna cewa yanayin zafin duniyar Yana zuwa daga digiri 4000 Celsius zuwa digiri 6000, kusan.

Babban fasali

Yaya ainihin cikin zai kasance

Daga cikin halayensa zamu ga cewa kayan aikin da suke taimakawa zafi a cikin zuciyar shine ruɓewar kayan aikin rediyo. Kayan aikin rediyo suna bada kuzari mai yawa idan suka lalace. Wancan kuzarin yana canzawa zuwa zafi idan aka sake shi. Ragowar zafin da ya rage daga samuwar duniya yana nan yana zafafa ainihin. Wani mai ba da gudummawar zafin shine zafin da aka sake shi a cikin ainihin rufin ruwa kuma ya karfafa iyakance lokacin da ya haɗu da ainihin ciki. Ka tuna cewa ainihin duniyar tamu tana da ruwa kuma ainihin cikin yana da ƙarfi.

Duk lokacin da muka sauko da zurfin kilomita 1 daga saman duniya, zazzabin yakan karu da kimanin digiri 25. Wannan yana nufin cewa ɗan tudu na geothermal ya kai kimanin digiri 25. Iyakar da ke raba mahaɗan ciki da na waje an san shi da ƙarewar Bullen. Outerarshen waje na ainihin kusan kilomita 3.000 ne ƙarƙashin ƙafafunmu. Amma mafi munin duka, cibiyar tsakiyar duniya tana da zurfin zurfin kilomita 6.000.

Don baku ra'ayin yadda kadan muka huda duniyarmu, hakan rami mafi zurfin da aka yi ya sauka kilomita 12,3 ne kawai. Kamar dai daga apple ne, kawai mun shiga cikin siririn fata ne (kuma ba ma hakan ba).

Core yadudduka

Filayen ƙasa

Bari muyi la'akari da manyan matakan.

Tsakiyar waje

Yana da kauri kimanin kilomita 2.200 kuma an hada shi da ƙarfe da nickel a cikin yanayin ruwa. Yanayin zafin nata yakai kimanin Celsius 5000. Karfe a yanayin ruwa a cikin wannan layin yana da danko sosai, don haka yana iya zama mara sauki kuma mai iya canzawa ne. A wannan yanayin, akwai raƙuman ruwa masu saurin tashin hankali wanda ke haifar da magnetic duniya.

Ana samun mafi kyawun ɓangaren ɓangaren waje a katsewar Bullen.

Cikin ciki

Ruwa ne mai tsananin zafi da dumi wanda aka hada shi da ƙarfe. Zafin zafin ya kai kimanin digiri 5200 Celsius. Anan matsin lamba kusan yanayi miliyan 3,6 ne.

Yanayin zafin jiki na ciki yana sama da narkakken ƙarfe. Koyaya, yana cikin yanayi mai ƙarfi. Wannan saboda, sabanin ainihin waje, matsin yanayi ya fi yawa kuma hakan yana hana shi narkewa.

Tare da wannan bayanin za su iya sanin ƙarin game da ainihin Duniyar da halayen ta.


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