Wurare masu sanyi sosai da kamar ba zai yuwu mutane su zauna a cikinsu ba

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Oymyakon a cikin hunturu, Siberia, Russia

Sanyi ya dawo ya ziyarce mu kuma yana da kyau mu tuna cewa a lokuta da yawa muna yin korafi game da rashin kyau. Saboda wannan zamuyi la'akari da wurare mafi sanyi a doron ƙasa inda, kodayake yana iya zama abin ban mamaki, mutane suna rayuwa cikin shekara.

'Yan ƙasa na wurare kamar Verkhoyansk, Yakutsk o Oymyakon (dukansu a cikin Rasha) suna rayuwa daban da namu, aƙalla a lokacin hunturu. Misali, direbobi a cikin wadannan garuruwan suna barin motocinsu a yage a wuraren ajiyar motoci na tsawon awanni yayin cin kasuwa ko ayyukansu, galibi dole ne su dumama mai mai a cikin motocinsu da abun hura wuta don rage shi.

La mafi ƙarancin zazzabi da aka taɓa rubutawa a doron ƙasa, kamar yadda muka yi magana game da labarin a 'yan kwanakin da suka gabata, hakan ya faru a wani yanki kusa da tsaunin tsaunukan Antarctic, ya kai ƙimar da ke ƙasa da 92ºC a cikin daren hunturu. Kodayake babu ɗayan biranen da za mu lissafa da ya kai waɗannan yanayin zafin, wasu daga cikin su suna da haɗari kusa da waɗannan ƙimomin. Waɗannan su ne wurare mafi sanyi a duniya.

Verkhoyansk, Rasha

Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2002, Verkhoyansk (Rasha) tana da mazauna 1434; mutanen da suka sami damar ci gaba da rayuwarsu a cikin zurfin jejin Siberia. An kafa wannan birni a matsayin sansanin soja a cikin 1638 kuma yana aiki a matsayin yankin yanki na kiwon shanu da hakar zinare da tini. Tana da nisan kilomita 650 daga Yakutsh da kuma kilomita 2400 daga sandar arewa. An yi amfani da Verkhoyansk don ba da zaman talala na siyasa tsakanin 1860 da farkon karnin da ya gabata.

Ba abin mamaki bane, an zaɓi waɗanda aka komo don aika su zuwa Verkhoyansk. A watan Janairu matsakaita zafin jiki ya kusan 45ºC a ƙasa da sifili, kuma tsakanin watannin Oktoba da Afrilu wannan matsakaicin ya kasance ƙasa da matakan daskarewa. A cikin 1982, mazaunanta sun yi rajistar yanayin kusan 68ºC ƙasa da sifili, zafin da har yanzu yake mafi ƙarancin taɓa kaiwa a wannan wuri. Waɗannan yanayin yana nufin cewa a lokutan sanyi mutane ba sa fita waje har tsawon kwanaki.

Oymyakon, Rasha

Mazaunan Oymyakon suna tunatar da mu, lokacin da Verkhoyansk ke ikirarin zama wuri mafi sanyi a arewacin duniya, cewa garinsu ma sun yi rajistar zafin 68ºC da ke ƙasa da sifili a ranar 6 ga Fabrairu, 1933. Dogaro da wanda kuka tambaya, tsakanin 500 zuwa 800 mutane suna kiran Oymyakon gida. Oymyakon yana cikin tafiyar kwana uku daga Yakutsk, babban birnin Jamhuriyar Saja a gabashin Siberia. A wannan wurin makarantun suna buɗe tare da yanayin zafi ƙasa da 46ºC ƙasa da sifili.

Wannan garin ya samo sunansa ne daga maɓuɓɓugar ruwan zafi, wanda wasu mazaunanta ke amfani da shi azaman famfo na ruwan zafi, suna fasa farin kankarar da ke rufe shi a lokacin hunturu. Hukumar Kula da Yawon Bude Ido ta Oymyakon ta gabatar da wannan garin a matsayin kyakkyawan matattara ga matafiya masu fama da yunwa waɗanda ke son ƙarancin kwarewa.

Waɗannan su ne mawuyacin lokuta biyu, amma akwai wasu wurare a duniya inda sanyi ke sanya rayuwa da al'adun mutanenta, aƙalla, na musamman.

Informationarin bayani: Yawan zafin jiki mara kyau a wuri mafi sanyiMafi ƙarancin zafin jiki da aka taɓa rubutawa a duniya


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