Tsarin girgije

 

Cumulonimbus

Cumulonimbus: misali na gajimare mai kamawa

 

Samun mafi yawan gajimare yana faruwa ne daga motsin sama na iska mai danshi wanda ke fadada saboda raguwar matsin lamba tare da tsawo sabili da haka sanyaya adiabatic. Sannan wani ɓangare na tururin ruwan ya tattara ya zama gajimare.

 

A baya, mun yi bayanin halaye na nau'ikan gajimare da kuma yadda sifofinsu ke zama sakamakon ayyukan ɗaga iska wanda shine ke tsara su. A iri daban-daban na motsi na tsaye wanda zai iya haifar da girgije samuwar an jera su a ƙasa:

  1. Rikicin injiniya (ko tashin hankali)
  2. Canzawa (ko rikicewar yanayi)
  3. Hawan magana
  4. Hawan tsayi da jinkiri

 

La rikicewar injiniya ko ta hanyar gogayya ya samo asali ne yayin da iskar da ke gudana a cikin kusancin samaniya ta wargaje da karfin gogewa a cikin jerin eddies. Wannan fitinar tana da fifikon kasancewar kasancewar cikas (bishiyoyi, gine-gine, tuddai, da sauransu).

 

Yanzunnan na convection Suna haɓaka lokacin da iska tayi ɗumi a kusancin farfajiyar. Da convection ko rikicewar yanayin zafi yana haɗuwa da inji ko rikicewar rikicewa don haifar da haɗuwa da ƙananan matakan sararin samaniya.

 

en el hawan hawa Abin da ke faruwa shi ne cewa lokacin da iska ta isa jerin tsaunuka ko tsaunuka ana tilasta shi tashi duka a cikin ƙananan yadudduka da kuma cikin tsawo. Motsi sama yana shafar zurfin zurfin yanayi kuma rarrabawar zazzabi a tsaye a ciki yana canzawa. Iska da aka tilasta ta tashi ana sanyaya ta fadada adiabatic kuma gajimare na iya samarwa.

 

El hawan babban tsawo a kwanceSau da yawa yakan haifar da farko ta hanyar rarrabuwar kai a cikin babba. Yunkurin da ya banbanta a tsawan tsawa yana haifar da raguwar matsin lamba a cikin layin kasa kusa da saman duniya, yana haifar da damuwa. Juyawa bayan haka yana faruwa a kusa da matakin teku kuma jinkirin da fadada a kwance yana faruwa akan babban kauri daga cikin tarko sannan kuma, idan har akwai wadataccen yanayin zafi, ci gaban girgije mai yalwa

 

Source - Compendium na bayanin kula don horar da masu aiki da yanayin yanayi na aji hudu », daga BJ Retallack

Informationarin bayani - Cumulonimbus, Height, tsawo, girma a tsaye da kuma girgije matakan, Sandaro, daskarewa da sublimation


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