Prague tauraron taurari

la'anar agogon astronomical prague

Kamar yadda muka sani, birane da yawa suna da abubuwa masu ban sha'awa waɗanda ke da mahimmanci kuma na musamman. A wannan yanayin, za mu yi magana a kai Prague Astronomical Agogo. Alamar Prague ce kuma tana da aiki mai ban sha'awa. An halicce shi a shekara ta 1410 kuma sun ce suna kawo sa'a idan ya daina aiki.

A cikin wannan labarin, za mu gaya muku yadda agogon taurari na Prague ke aiki da wasu labaransa.

Prague tauraron taurari

Prague agogon astronomical

Wannan dole ne a gani idan kuna tafiya zuwa Prague. Agogon taurarin birnin na daya daga cikin manyan wuraren yawon bude ido a bayansa, kuma ba karamin abu ba ne. Yana da labari mai jan hankali (da al'ada) wanda za'a iya daidaita shi da kyau zuwa labari ko fim. Jan Ruze ya gabatar a cikin 1410, yana da shekaru 605 tun daga lokacin.

Labarin nasa, kamar yadda nake cewa, yana da bayanai da yawa masu ban mamaki: sun makantar da magini, suka hana shi sake yin irin wannan agogon, wanda wasu ke ganin kamar wani haziki ne don kiyaye birnin... A yau mun mayar da hankalinmu ga shi. aiki kamar yadda shekaru ke tafiya kuma fasahar tana ci gaba da jan hankalin kowane agogon analog da mai sha'awar tsarin.

Ayyuka

kwance agogo

Agogon Astronomical na Prague yana fasalta ƙirar taurari tare da ƙirar sassa uku mai iya yin alama a lokuta biyar lokaci guda. A saman, tsakanin masu rufe biyu, muna da gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Manzanni goma sha biyu. Kowannensu yana barin kowane minti 60 don nuna menene lokaci. Lambobin sun fi zamani fiye da agogo da kwanakin daga karni na XNUMX.

A ƙasa muna da kalandar da ke da misalan watanni da yanayi, kuma yana nuna tsarkaka ga kowace rana ta shekara. Dukansu sassan suna da daraja kuma suna da sha'awar fasaha, amma jauhari na wannan agogon yana cikin tsakiyar jiki. An fara tsara wannan yanki a cikin 1410.

Agogon yana iya faɗin lokacin ta hanyoyi daban-daban guda biyar, kuma tsarin sa na injinan sa yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi ban sha'awa. A gefe guda, muna da rana ta zinare tana zagayawa da'irar husuma, tana yin motsi na elliptical. Wannan yanki yana iya nuna mana sa'o'i uku a lokaci guda: Matsayin hannayen zinariya a cikin lambobin Roman yana nuna lokaci a Prague. Yayin da hannu ke ketare layin gwal, yana nuna sa'o'i a cikin lokaci mara kyau, kuma a ƙarshe, akan zoben waje, sa'o'i bayan fitowar rana bisa ga lokacin Bohemian.

Na biyu, yana iya nuna lokacin da ke tsakanin fitowar rana da faɗuwar rana. A cikin tsarin da aka raba zuwa "sa'o'i" goma sha biyu. Tsarin yana samuwa a nisa tsakanin rana da tsakiyar sararin samaniya. Ma'auni sun bambanta gwargwadon lokacin shekara, tunda rana ba awanni goma sha biyu ba ne na haske, kuma ba awanni goma sha biyu ba ne na dare. Na farko ya fi tsayi a lokacin rani kuma akasin haka a cikin hunturu. Shi ya sa ake amfani da alamar ambato don yin magana akan sa'o'i a wannan tsakiyar agogon.

Na uku, a gefen waje na agogo, muna rubuta lambobi a cikin rubutun Schwabacher na zinariya. Su ne ke da alhakin nuna lokacin, kamar yadda muka yi a Bohemia. Ana fara yin alama da karfe 1 na rana. Zoben yana motsawa cikin shekara don yayi daidai da lokacin rana.

Muhimman al'amura na agogon astronomical na Prague

Sannan muna da zoben zodiac wanda ke da alhakin nuna matsayin rana a kan husuma, wanda shine lanƙwan duniya "tafiya" a kusa da rana. Idan kai mai son zodiac ne, za ka ga cewa tsarin wadannan taurari ya saba wa agogo, amma akwai dalilin wannan tsari.

Tsarin zoben ya kasance saboda amfani da tsinkayar stereoscopic na jirgin sama na ecliptic bisa Pole Arewa. Yana iya zama kamar baƙon abu, amma wannan tsari kuma yana wanzuwa a cikin wasu agogon sararin samaniya.

A ƙarshe, muna da wata da ke nuna matakan tauraron mu na halitta. Motsin yayi kama da agogon maigida, amma da sauri. Kamar yadda kake gani, duk abubuwan da ke faruwa a wannan agogon astronomical suna cikin wannan centrosome, a'a, har yanzu ba a yi mu ba, saboda har yanzu akwai wasu nau'i-nau'i.

Agogon ya ƙunshi fayafai kafaffen fayafai a tsakiya da kuma fayafai guda biyu masu juyawa da kansu: zobe na zodiac da gefen waje da aka rubuta cikin Schwabacher. Bi da bi, yana da hannaye uku: hannu, rana wanda ke haye shi daga sama zuwa kasa, yana aiki a matsayin hannu na biyu, da na uku, hannu mai alamar tauraro mai alaƙa da zodiac.

La'anar agogo

tatsuniyoyi da almara

Tatsuniya ta nuna cewa kafinta da ya ƙirƙira ta a shekara ta 1410 ya yi irin wannan gagarumin aiki da ya sa mutanen da suka ba shi aikin sun so su tabbatar da cewa ba zai maimaita shi ba don ya sa ya zama na musamman a duniya, kuma suka makantar da shi.

A cikin fansa, ya hau agogo ya tsayar da na'urarsa na inji, lokaci guda kuma cikin mu'ujiza, zuciyarsa ta daina bugawa. Tun daga wannan lokacin, an yi imanin cewa motsin hannunta da raye-rayen lambobinsa sun tabbatar da kyakkyawan ci gaban birnin, kuma agogon ya daina aiki zai haifar da rashin lafiya a Prague.

A dai-dai lokacin da ake ta kowace sa’a, ana haska wannan katafaren katifa da aka yi da nufin kwantar da hankulan ma’auratan a tsawon watannin da suka buya a bayan kwalta, kuma abin ya ci gaba da bai wa daruruwan mutane mamaki tare da na’urorin fasahar zamani. Dalilin nan da nan ko daidaituwa shine lokacin da ka yi A shekara ta 2002 ne kogin Vltava ya cika kuma birnin ya fuskanci ambaliya mafi girma a tarihinta. Don haka a lokacin da agogon Janairu ya yanke shawarar rufe agogon don gyara shi, sai aka sami wani nau'in firgita (da takaici daga masu ziyara) a tsakanin sauran makwabtanta masu camfi.

Agogon yana da kalandar madauwari tare da lambobin yabo da ke wakiltar watannin shekara; bangarori biyu - babba, a tsakiya -; wani quadrant na falaki da aka yi amfani da shi wajen auna lokaci a tsakiyar zamanai (wanda kuma ke nuna lokacin tsakiyar Turai da Babila, da matsayin taurari) wanda kowannensu launinsa yana da ma'ana: ja shi ne alfijir da faɗuwar rana; baki, dare; da blue, ranar.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da agogon tauraron Prague da halayensa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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