Mount dafa

glaciers

A yau zamuyi magana ne game da tsauni mafi tsayi wanda yake a cikin New Zealand kuma yana da tsayin mita 3770 sama da matakin teku. Game da shi Mount dafa. Tsauni ne wanda yake na tsaunukan tsaunuka na New Zealand wanda ya ƙunshi jerin tsaunuka waɗanda suka ƙetare duka gabar yamma ta tsibirin kudu na New Zealand. Baya ga kasancewa babbar matattarar yawon bude ido, yanki ne da ya shahara sosai ga mafi kyawun tsaunuka daga ko'ina cikin duniya. Wurin waje ne na wasu shahararrun wuraren wasan kwaikwayo kamar Lord Of The Rings.

Saboda haka, zamu sadaukar da wannan labarin don gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Dutsen Cook da halayensa.

Babban fasali

Dutsen dafa

Tana cikin filin shakatawa na Aoraki-Mount Cook National Park. An buɗe wannan wurin shakatawa a cikin 1954 kuma UNesco ta amince da shi azaman kayan tarihin duniya. Wannan wurin shakatawa yana da gida sama da ƙwanƙolin 140 sama da tsayin mita 2.000 da kusan glaciers 72 waɗanda suka mamaye rabin yankin. Duk yankin wannan filin shakatawa nisan murabba'in 700 ne.

Samun wannan yankin ana yin sa ne akai-akai ta hanyar Mount Cook. An gina wannan hanyar ne a cikin 2010 bayan babban binciken tasirin muhalli. Dukkanin tsaunukan nan na New Zealand an kirkiresu ne sakamakon matsin lamba wanda ya haifar da karo da farantin tekun Pacific da Indo-Australian na Australiya. Waɗannan faranti biyu na tectonic suna da gefen haɗe wanda ya dace da dukkanin gabar yammacin tsibirin. Tsarin subduction na tefonic na ci gaba da zuwa Dutsen Cook a matsakaita na 7 mm a kowace shekara. Kodayake saurin motsi bashi da mahimmanci ga mutane, a matakin ilimin ƙasa ya dace.

Wannan yanki duka ya gamu da lahani mai ƙarfi wanda zai iya mulmula tsaunuka. A kan Dutsen Cook mun ga yanayi mai tsananin gaske saboda ci gaba da aiki na iska mai ƙarfi tare da bangaren yamma da ake kira iska mai ruri. Waɗannan iskoki suna busawa tare da digiri 45 kudu latitude.

Yanayin Dutsen Cook

Dutsen dafa ganiya

Kamar yadda muka ambata a baya, wannan dutsen yana da yanayi mara kyau tare da ɗan ɗan yanayi. Wadannan mawuyacin yanayin sune suka fi jan hankalin duk masu hawa tsaunuka da suke son shawo kan kalubale. Kuma shi ne cewa iskar teku an san ta da sunan Roring Forties kuma suna haifar da babban tasirin Föhn a yankin. Godiya ga wannan tasirin, ana samar da manyan matakan ruwan sama waɗanda ke kusan 7.600 mm a kowace shekara. Godiya ga waɗannan manyan matakan ruwan sama, dazukan wurare masu zafi na iya haɓaka a bakin tekun waɗanda ƙanƙara ke ciyar da su.

Gano Dutsen Cook

hawan dutse

Turawa ne suka gano wannan dutse. Babban Bature dole ne ya lura da shi shi ne Abel Tasman a ranar 11 ga Janairu, 1643. Hakan ya faru ne a lokacin bincikensa na farko na Pacific kuma Kyaftin John Lort Stokes ya sanya wannan sunan a kan dutsen a cikin 1851 don girmamawa ga Kyaftin James Cook wanda shi ne na farko don bincika a karo na farko yawancin tsibirin New Zealand a shekara ta 1771. Ka tuna cewa wannan mutumin bai lura da dutsen ba yayin bincikensa.

Dangane da mahimmancin almara na Aoraki Mount Cook shi ne farkon waɗannan sunayen da aka kafa inda sunan Maori ya bi Turanci. Ofaya daga cikin dalilan da yasa aka san wannan tsauni shine saboda buƙatar masu hawa tsaunuka tun daga farko. Yunkurin Turai na farko don isa saman Dutsen Cook ya kasance ne daga Irishan Rabaren William S. Green, mai kula da otel din Switzerland Emil Boss da kuma mai kula da tsaunukan Switzerland Ulrich Kaufmann a watan Afrilu 1883 da kankara a ranar 2 ga Maris na 1882 ta kankara ta Tasman da Linda glaciers , Hugh Logan mahaliccin jagorar da ke kan Dutsen Cook yana tsammanin sun zauna ƙasa da ƙarancin mita 50 daga saman.

Hadarin farko inda dutsen hawa ya mutu a wannan ƙwanƙolin ya faru ne a cikin 1914 a ranar 22 ga Fabrairu. A wannan lokacin, dusar ƙanƙara daga Linda glacier ta share masu hawa 3.

Flora da fauna

Kamar yadda ake tsammani a cikin waɗannan nau'ikan wuraren da yanayin muhalli ya fi wahala fiye da adadin flora da fauna. Idan muka yi la'akari da cewa yayin da muke hawa a sama muna sauka cikin matakan halittu daban-daban, Mount Cook yana da yawancin halittu da ke ƙasa da iyakar ciyawar arboreal. Kuma shine cewa ciyayi yana buƙatar wadataccen yanayin muhalli don samun damar haɓaka kuma tare dashi dabbobin da kamfanin yake.

Kamar yadda muka saba da tsawo, yanayin muhalli ya zama mafi muni da mummunan ci gaban wadannan halittu. Matakan hasken rana, zafin jiki, ƙananan matakan matsi, gangara da yanayin ƙasa bai dace da ci gaban ciyayi ba. Idan ciyayi ba zasu iya bunkasa matakin farko na jerin abubuwanda suke zama masu cin abincin farko ko dabbobi masu ciyawar dabbobi ba. A bayyane yake, ba tare da waɗannan masu amfani na farko ba, masu amfani da sakandare da masu lalata ba za su iya rayuwa ba. Tare da tsauraran yanayin muhalli, sarkar abinci ba zata iya bunkasa ba kuma akwai karancin halittu masu yawa.

Sabili da haka, yawancin filin shakatawa na ƙasa yana kan iyakar ciyawar arboreal. The flora yafi hada da tsire-tsire masu tsayi da Ranunculus Lyall, mafi girma Buttercup a duniya, manyan daisies, da ganye daban-daban. Nau'in tsuntsayen da aka samo sune Kea da Pipit, da sauransu. Hakanan zaka iya ganin Tahr, jan barewa, da rudani.

Filin shakatawa ya shahara sosai tare da yan New Zealand. Mutane da yawa suna zuwa can don yin yawo, gudun kan ko farauta. Ma'aikatar Tsare-tsaren ke kula da wurin shakatawa.

Kamar yadda kake gani, Dutsen Cook wuri ne da ke da jan hankalin masu yawon bude ido tunda yanayi da kalubalen da ke kan masu hawan dutse ba shi da kama. Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da Mount Cook da halayensa.


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