Basque Mountains

Kayan lambu na Basque Mountains

da Basque Mountains Sunan da aka ba wa tsaunin dutse wanda yake a ƙarshen arewacin Yankin Iberiya. Tana cikin yankin gabas sosai na tsaunin tsaunin Cantabrian kuma yana da alaƙa da Pyrenees. Hakanan an san shi da wasu sunaye na yau da kullun kamar Basque Arch, Basque depression da Basque bakin kofa. Extensionarinsa ya ƙunshi wani ɓangare na ƙasar Basque Country da Navarra. Waɗannan tsaunuka ba wai kawai suna ba mu damar kallon yanayi tare da shimfidar wurare masu ban mamaki ba, amma ana yin su ne ta hanyar kasancewa wani ɓangare na tarihi cike da al'adu, tatsuniyoyi, al'adu da tatsuniyoyi.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da ilimin ƙasa da halayen Dutsen Basque.

Babban fasali

Basque Mountains

Bambancin da fadada shimfidar da tsaunukan Basque ke yi bai gushe ba yana ba da mamaki. Wannan saboda yana da yanayin halayyar tsire-tsire masu yanayi na yanayin ɗimbin Tekun Atlantika. Dazuzzuka na nuna kyawawan kyan gani a wasu lokuta na shekara, kamar kaka. Mafi mahimmanci, wannan yanayin tsire-tsire ya ƙunshi beech, itacen oak, yew da Birch. Ba wai kawai kuna da nau'ikan halittu masu yanke jiki ba, har ma kuna da kyawawan bishiyoyi. Wannan hadewar ya kara sanyashi kala.

Daga cikin jinsunan bishiyoyi mun sami holm oak da sanannen pine. Mutane sun gabatar da wannan itacen pine don ya sami damar cin itacensa. Idan ka je Kasar Basque don yin yawon bude ido, tsaunukan Basque hanya ce da ba za ka tsallake ba. Kololuwa yawanci kusan mita 1.600 ne.

Wadannan tsaunuka sun kasu tsakanin lardunan 3, babu dayan da ba shi da muhimmanci kamar wancan. Mun sami alamar Aizkorri massif wanda, kodayake ba shine mafi girman duka ba, shine mafi kyawun sananne. Tsayinsa ya kai mita 1.528 kuma suna duban sama don isa Aitxuri. Wannan shi ne tsauni mafi tsayi tare da mita 1.551. A cikin wannan tsarin dutsen, Arbelaitz shima ya cancanci ambata, wanda yake da tsayin mita 1513.

Wani mahimmin kololuwar tsaunukan Basque shine Gorbea mai tsayin mita 1.481. Kodayake ba shine ɗayan mafi girma ba, yana ɗayan sanannun sanannun a cikin kololuwar Basque. Wannan bai tsaya anan ba, idan muka fara jera dukkan kololuwa, zamu sami tsaunukan Álava da Aratz, Palomares, Cruz del Castillo, da dai sauransu.

Hadisai na Basque Mountains

Halaye na tsaunukan Basque

Kamar yadda muka ambata a baya, tsaunukan Basque ba wai kawai suna da kyawawan wuraren jan hankalin yawon shakatawa ba. Hakanan zamu sami hadisai masu ban sha'awa waɗanda ke da kyau sani. Misali, al'adar cuku ta tsaunukan Cantabrian suna da na cuku Idiazabal. Cuku ne wanda asalin sa yana zaune a waɗannan wuraren. Ana yin shi da ɗanyen Carranzana da madarar tumaki na Latxa kuma tun fil azal ana amfani da wuraren kiwo mai kyau don sa cuku ya fi kyau. Akwai magana game da cuku tare da dandano wanda ke faranta mahimman maganganu. Yana da wasu bambance-bambancen karatu kamar kyafaffen da cuku mara laushi. Dukansu suna da ɗanɗano na ban mamaki.

Geology

Fauna na Basque Mountains

An raba tsaunukan Basque zuwa ƙaura biyu. Daya arewa ce dayan kuma kudu. Wadannan rabe-raben guda biyu galibi farar ƙasa ne a cikin yanayi. Hakanan akwai wasu filaye tare da sandstones da sauran kayan. Kamar yadda muka ambata a baya, kololuwar ba su da girma sosai amma suna ba da kyawawan kyawawan abubuwa saboda ciyayi.

Tana da tudu mai laushi da ramuka da yanke duwatsu suna da yawa a wasu daga cikin hadaddun farar ƙasa. A cikin waɗannan ramuka da ramuka da yawa ungulu da yawa suna rayuwa. Wannan taimako ɗin yana amfani da tattalin arziƙin mutane da ke da sha'awar hawa. A cikin motar Mototo, a cikin kwazazzabar Atzarte shine mafi mahimmancin makarantar hawan dutse a duk Spain.

Wadannan tsaunukan sun samu ne lokacin da suke kan madafin duwatsu wanda ya kasance. Kwayar halittar ta kasance mai sharadi ga samuwar Pyrenees. Bambancin yankuna da aka kafa shine cewa a cikin ɓangaren yamma da gabas shine yafi haɗuwa da kayan farar ƙasa. A gefe guda, yankin gabashin gabar yana cike da dutsen siliceous.

Daga nan sai mu rarrabe wani taimako wanda a ciki zamu sami "Basasa Basque" tare da tsaunukan ƙananan tsayi ƙasa da mita 1.000 da kuma Countryasar Basque mai tsayi tare da tsaunuka sama da mita 1.000. Dukansu sun rabu da hanyar sadarwa ta hanyar ruwa. Duwatsu sun isa teku kuma sun kafa tsaunuka masu tasowa. Mafi shahara shine Cabo Matxitxaco.

Clima

Tsarin shimfidar wurare na Basque duwatsu

Tunda muna kan shafin yanayi, ba za a iya ɓacewar yanayin tsaunukan Basque ba. Waɗannan tsaunuka suna yin raƙuman ruwa na tekun Bahar Rum da na Tekun Atlantika. Yankin arewa yana da yanayi mafi sauki kuma shine Yanayin Oceanic. An fi sanin wannan yanayin a cikin abin da muka sani da "Green Spain." A gefe guda, kudu na tsaunin dutse da kuma cikin iklima ita ce Bahar Rum  kuma tare da wasu fasalulluka na Yanayin nahiyoyi. A wannan yankin akwai karancin ruwa kuma yana da sanyi dangane da yanayin zafi. Wannan sananne ne sosai a banbancin yanayin zafi daga garuruwan da ke bakin teku zuwa biranen tsaunuka masu nisa.

A magana gabaɗaya, ana iya cewa duk tsaunin tsaunin yana da matakan ruwan sama mai yawa. Abu ne gama gari ka ga fogs a cikin kwari saboda canje-canje na yanayin zafi da yanayin zafi.

Yana da murfin dusar ƙanƙara duk da cewa ba shi da tsari a lokacin hunturu. Sama da mita 700 ya fi yawan samun dusar ƙanƙara tsakanin watannin Nuwamba zuwa Afrilu. Koyaya, yanayin muhalli koyaushe yana canzawa kuma ƙanƙara bazai taru na dogon lokaci ba. Haka dusar kankara wacce zata iya tara adadi mai yawa saboda yanayin yanayi, na iya narkewa saboda Sakamakon Foehn. Wannan canjin kwatsam na yanayin zafi da narkewar dusar kankara yakan haifar da wasu ambaliyar ruwa a cikin Álava.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da tsaunukan Basque kuma ana ƙarfafa ku don ziyarta saboda ba za ku yi nadama ba. Idan kuna da wasu tambayoyi game da shi, bari mu sani a cikin maganganun.


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