Altai Massif

Altai massif sananne ga shimfidar wurare

A yau za mu yi magana game da ɗayan tsaunukan tsaunuka waɗanda ke tsakiyar Asiya da aka fi sani da kasancewa inda a cewar Rasha, China, Mongolia da Kazakhstan. Game da shi Altai massif. Yana daga tsaunin Altai kuma kogin Irtish, Obi da Yenisei sun hadu. Isasa ce mai cike da tatsuniyoyi da tatsuniyoyi waɗanda aka maishe ta daga tsara zuwa tsara. Bayan lokaci ya zama ƙasar da yanayi ya iya nuna duk abin da yake iyawa.

Sabili da haka, zamu sadaukar da wannan labarin don gaya muku duk halaye, asali da asalin asalin Altai.

Babban fasali

Altai massif

Babban taro ne wanda yake a tsaunin tsauni a tsakiyar Asiya kuma inda Rasha, Mongolia, China da Kazakhstan suke haduwa. Akwai wadatattun matakai, lush taiga dazuzzuka da laya mai kyau. Duk wannan yana tashi a cikin kabarin ɗaukakar dusar ƙanƙara tare da kyawawan laconic na tundra. Tsarin halittu da ke cikin wannan yanki ya sa wurin yayi kyau sosai. Yawancin lokaci ya zama sanannen wuri don yawon bude ido don yin yawo.

Wuri ne wanda ya bazu kusan kilomita 2000 doguwa daga arewa maso yamma zuwa kudu maso gabas. Sabili da haka, Altai Massif ya samar da iyaka tsakanin ƙasa da ƙasan Mongolia da taiga ta kudancin Siberia. Duk yankuna masu damina suna kirkirar shimfidar wurare masu ban mamaki. Gaskiyar ita ce, bambancin shimfidar wurare da yawa a cikin Altai massif kamar dai muna ɗauka ne ta hanyar shafukan littattafan ƙasa na atlas.

Ba wai kawai shimfidar wuri ta zama kyakkyawa ba ne ta yadda dan Adam zai iya ziyartarsa, ita ce mazaunin dubban tsirrai da nau'in dabbobi.

Asalin yawan Altai

tsaunukan altai

Za mu ga abin da asalin waɗannan duwatsu suke da kuma juyin halitta tsawon shekaru. Asalin waɗannan duwatsu ana iya gano su zuwa ga tasirin tectonic waɗanda ke wanzu saboda tasirin tectonics. Mun san cewa faranti na tectonic suna cikin ci gaba saboda motsiwar ruwan aljihun Duniya. Wannan yana ba faranti damar yin karo da samar da sabbin tsaunuka. A wannan halin, asalin Altai massif ana iya gano shi ta hanyar haɗuwa da sojojin tectonic tsakanin Indiya a Asiya.

Akwai babban lalataccen tsarin da ke gudana ta wannan yankin duka kuma An kira shi laifin Kurai kuma wani laifin Tashanta. Duk wannan tsarin laifofin yana haifar da tursasawa ta hanyar motsi na kwance, yana sanya farantin aiki tare. Motsi kan duwatsu da ke cikin Altai massif yafi dacewa da manyan duwatsu masu daraja da na metamorphic. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan duwatsu an ɗaukaka su sosai kusa da yankin kuskuren.

Asalin sunan sunan Altai massif ya fito ne daga Mongolia "Altan", wanda ke nufin "zinariya". Wannan suna ya samo asali ne daga gaskiyar cewa wadannan tsaunuka da gaske lu'u lu'u ne wanda yake baiwa kowa mamaki saboda bambancinsu da kuma kyawunsu.

Bayanin kasa na Altai massif

zinariya duwatsu masu kyau shimfidar wuri

Za mu je Kudancin Siberia inda akwai manyan tsaunuka guda uku wadanda tsaunukan Altai suka yi fice, kasancewar yanki mai ban mamaki kamar shimfidar wurare masu ban mamaki. Wadannan shimfidar wurare sune gida mafi tsayi a duk yankin kudancin Siberia da ake kira Mount Beluja. Tana da tsayin mita 4506 kuma an santa da zama yanki mai arzikin ƙarfe. A cikin tsaunukan kudancin Siberia an haife shi daga manyan koguna a gabashin Rasha.

Altai Massif yana tsakiyar Asiya, kusan tsakanin 45 ° da 52 ° Arewa latitude kuma tsakanin 85 ° da 100 ° gabas na Greenwich, kuma ya daidaita tsakanin ƙasashen Rasha, China da Mongolia. Hanyoyin taimako na yanzu sune na kololuwa, yankuna marasa daidaituwa a wurare daban-daban, tubalan da kwari masu zurfi. Duk wannan sassaucin sakamakon sakamakon rikitaccen yanayin kasa ne. Kuma a ƙarshen zamanin Mesozoic tsoffin tsaunuka an ƙirƙira su ta hanyar Hercynian kuma gabaɗaya aka canza su zuwa feshin ciki.

Tuni a cikin Tertiary, ninke mai tsayi shi ne wanda ya sake sabunta dukkanin saitin tsaunuka, ya kuma fasa sassan daban-daban. Wannan sabuntawar ya faru ne ta hanya mafi rauni a cikin Quaternary a daidai lokacin da koguna da kankara suka yi aiki mai ƙarfi.

Yanayi da kuma halittu daban-daban

Za mu binciko mahimman abubuwan da ke tattare da yanayi da kuma halittu masu yawa na Altai. Saboda latitude da yanayin da ke tsakiyar babbar Eurasia, da Altai massif Yana da mummunan yanayi tare da halaye masu kyau da yanayi na ƙasa. Ruwan daminta ya yi karanci da rani. Hawan kuma yana da alaƙa da yanayi. Babban girman yanayin shekara shekara yana nufin cewa akwai ƙimar tsakanin digiri 35 tare da yanayin zafi ƙasa da digiri 0 a lokacin sanyi kuma tare da ɗan gajeren lokacin rani wanda zai iya wuce digiri 15.

Wannan yanayin yana samar da ciyayi da ke amsa shi. Dazuzzuka masu daɗaɗɗu, da ciyayi da ciyayi na haruffan haruffa masu ƙarfi waɗanda suka bunkasa a cikin babban Altai, mafi kusa da jejin Gobi. A ƙasa da halayyar mita 1830, gangaren suna da katako da itacen al'ul, larch, pines da birch. Tsakanin dazuzzuka da farkon dusar ƙanƙara akwai tsawo na kusan mita 2400-3000 na tsawo. Ana samun wuraren kiwo mai tsayi a ko'ina cikin wannan yankin.

Duk yankin tsaunukan Altai massif ya dace tunda ya zama layin raba tsakanin kogunan da zasu je Tekun Pacific da wadancan kogunan da suke kwarara zuwa cikin Tekun Glacier. Biyu daga cikin mahimman maɓuɓɓuka a duk cikin Asiya suma suna da tushen su a cikin wannan masifar: da Obi da Yenisei. Duk da wannan, hanyar sadarwar ruwa ta gaskiya ta wannan yanki gaba ɗaya tana da raƙuman ruwa da suka zo daga tabkuna kuma suke mamaye da duwatsun gwal. Hanyarsa ba ta sabawa ba tunda sauƙin dutsen ya sa haka.

Ina fatan da wannan bayanin zaku iya samun karin bayani game da yawan Altai, halaye da asalin sa.


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