El tropical climate It is one of everyone's favorites: mild and pleasant temperatures all year round, green landscapes, animals and plants everywhere ... Without a doubt, many of us would already like to be able to enjoy a climate like that. Perhaps for this reason those who can go there with the intention of spending an incredible vacation.
But, how is this climate characterized? Where is it located? From this and more let's talk in this special.
Table of Contents
Tropical climate characteristics
Located between 23º north latitude and 23º south latitude, this type of climate It is characterized by having an average temperature above 18ºC. Frosts never occur, that is, the thermometer always stays above 0ºC, and it is not arid either.
We owe this climate to the angle of incidence of solar radiation that is produced in these regions, which makes the temperature high. Ambient humidity is also usually very high. In addition, being located very close to the equator, that is, the land region where the cold winds of one hemisphere meet the warm winds of its opposite, they have a permanent low pressure system. This system is known as intertropical convergence zone, and is responsible for the rains being so abundant in this part of the world.
What is the temperature?
As we have seen previously, in the tropical climate there are no frosts and the average temperature remains above 18ºC. This means that it does not have seasons as we do in temperate regions, where spring, summer, autumn and winter are well differentiated. If you are in a tropical place, there is no summer or winter.
In addition, the variation of temperatures throughout the day is very high, to the point that the daily thermal oscillation can exceed the annual thermal oscillation.
The monsoon is a seasonal wind that produces torrential rains and floods. The real monsoon is the one that occurs in Southeast Asia, although in Australia, America and Africa they are also generated. There are two types: summer and winter, because the wind changes direction in each of them.
The tropical wind is usually upward type, which are what cause vertical cloud developments thanks to which the landscape can be seen always green.
We might think that there is only one type, but the truth is that there are several, each with its own peculiarities. They are as follows:
Humid tropical climate
This type of climate is 3º north and south of the equator. It is characterized by having warm temperatures, and abundant rainfall, of more than 60mm / month. It has a short dry season, but every year 2000mm falls, making the landscape evergreen.
It occurs in central Africa, much of South America, northern Australia, Central America, and southern Asia. Examples:
- Equatorial: It is the tropical climate in which we think every time we imagine spending a few days relaxing on a beach surrounded by coconut trees or entering a jungle where there are parrots or parrots 🙂. The upper average temperature is 18ºC.
- Monsoon: temperatures are high throughout the year, and the rains are concentrated in a rainy season.
- Sub-equatorial: It has a very short dry season and a long rainy season.
Dry tropical climate
This type of climate is between 15º and 25º latitude, being the most representative places Arabia, Sahel (Africa), or some regions of Mexico or Brazil. It is characterized by having a dry season that lasts for several months, and another of rains. The temperature is very high because the air masses are stable and also dry. Some examples are:
- Sahelian climate: It has a very long dry season that occupies two thirds of the year, during which the rains are reduced between 400 and 800mm.
- Sudanese climate: it is characterized by having very short, but intense periods of rain.
This type of climate is very similar to tropical, although the temperature is lower (depending on the area, the average is 17-18ºC) and it rains less, so it is usually classified within temperate climates. Some very mild frosts can occur, but this is not usual.
Found in places like New Orleans, Hong Kong, Seville (Spain), Sao Paulo, Montevideo or the Canary Islands (Spain).
Life in the tropical climate
Animals that live in places with this incredible climate tend to have very bright colors, very striking. An example of this are the birds, like the parrot. Many of them live in trees, but there are others that we can find in swamps or rivers, such as anaconda snakes or reticular python. But not only birds and reptiles live here, also mammals, such as monkeys, the lazy or some felines, like Tigers, leopards o jaguars.
If we talk about fish and amphibians, here we will find the carnivorous piranhas, giant sea toad, dolphins or the red eyed green frog which is so striking.
Plants need water to grow, and when the weather is so nice and there is so much availability of… everything, including nutrients and minerals, that they reach incredible heights: up to 60m. But of course, a tree of this size takes up a lot of space, because it can have a crown of several meters in diameter; So of course, the plants that germinate just below have a lot of difficulty growing and reaching adults. For this reason, it seems that there are many more trees than there actually are. Fortunately, nature is very sap and there are genera of plants, such as Begonia, that have learned to make the most of the light that reaches them.
Some examples of tropical plants are:
- Cocos nucifera (coconut tree)
- ficus benghalensis (strangler fig)
- Mangifera indicates (mango)
- Persea americana (avocado)
- Durio zibethinus (durian)
We end with this beautiful tropical sunset. You like? 🙂