The Mediterranean Region is one of the most vulnerable to desertification. The intense and long-lasting droughts, the torrential rains that gradually destroy the upper layer of the soil, exposing the bedrock, without forgetting the agricultural and livestock exploitation, are causing the effects of global warming to be felt intensely in this part of the world.
The problem could worsen even more in the coming years, and could particularly affect the Mar Menor region.
What is desertification?
Desertification it is a process of persistent soil degradation as a consequence of climatic variations and human activity. This is a problem that is spreading as global temperatures rise, which only makes the situation worse for the people who, in some way, took advantage of that land.
However, the human population is growing, as is the demand for housing, food, etc., so that deforestation, chemical pollution, concentration of economic activity in coastal areas, industrial activities, tourism, plus everything what we discussed at the beginning of the article are putting enormous pressure on natural resources.
Can anything be done to prevent it?
Clearly. In the words of José Antonio Sánchez, delegate of the Official College of Geologists in Murcia to Europa Press, one of the things that could be done is "to coordinate the management of land and water resources to protect the soil from erosion, salinization and other forms of degradation, as well as to protect the vegetation cover."
In addition, it proposes to monitor and control the processes of exploitation of aquifers, the quality of groundwater, apart from reforestation to avoid soil erosion.
With these measures, desertification could be stopped, not only in Spain, but also in the rest of the world.