As the human population increases, so does the demand: more housing, more furniture, more paper, more water, more food, among many other things are needed. To satisfy it, it has been chosen for many years to deforest forests, one of the lungs of the Earth because they absorb carbon dioxide and emit oxygen into the atmosphere, which as we know is the gas we need to breathe and, therefore, to live.
Deforestation contributes to worsening global warming. But, how?
Two studies published in the scientific journal Science reveal that cutting down trees increases the surface temperature more than previously believed. The first one, from the Institute for the Environment and Sustainability of the European Commission's Joint Research Center (JRC), describes how deforestation affects the flow of energy and water between the land and the atmosphere, as is already happening in the regions tropical
In the case of the second, prepared by researcher Kim Naudts from the Laboratory of Climate and Environmental Sciences at the Pierre Simon Laplace Institute (France) and his team, it is shown that although the tree cover in Europe is increasing, the fact that only certain species »is causing a counterproductive cascade effect». Since 2010, 85% of European forests are managed by humans, but some humans have a predilection for those that have a greater commercial value, such as beech pines. The thick forests have been reduced by 436.000km2 since 1850.
The replacement of lush forests by coniferous forests has caused changes in evapotranspiration and albedo, that is, the amount of solar energy that is reflected back into outer space. Some changes that are making global warming worse. According to the authors, Climate frameworks should take into account soil management as well as its coverage so that predictions are more accurate.
Without plants the human being has no chance, so It is important that the necessary measures are taken so as not to end up living on an almost desert planet.