Animals in danger of extinction in Madrid

Animals in danger of extinction in Madrid

Discovering a specimen of the Protected Fauna of the Community of Madrid is like coming across a beautiful natural jewel. Within the limits of the Community of Madrid there are twelve different ecosystems, each one filled with abundant biological diversity. In this case, we focus on the Protected Fauna of the Community of Madrid, since it serves as a testimony to this notable biodiversity, thus giving great value to both the fauna and its conservation efforts. And there are numerous animals in danger of extinction in Madrid.

Therefore, we are going to tell you which are the main animals in danger of extinction in Madrid and what state each of them is in.

Animals in danger of extinction in Madrid


Iberian Desman

Iberian desman

The Iberian Desman, scientifically known as Galemys pyrenaicus, is a species that can be found in the Iberian Peninsula. It belongs to the category of endangered animals. Within the family Talpidae, which includes both moles and gophers, resides a tiny mammal that has the designation of Endangered in the Community of Madrid and Vulnerable in the National Catalog. This particular species thrives in aquatic habitats, specifically in river headwaters characterized by pristine, perpetually flowing waters. The sustenance of this small mammal consists mainly of aquatic invertebrates, particularly caddis flies.

Iberian lynx

The Iberian lynx, scientifically known as Lynx pardina, is a symbol of an endangered species that has been the subject of significant conservation efforts, resulting in a promising trajectory for its survival and the potential for future generations of lynxes. In a span of just two decades, the population has experienced an increase notable from just 90 individuals in 2002 to almost 1.400 today.

European otter

The European otter, scientifically known as Lutra lutra, is the only member of the mustelid family found in Europe. Within the Community of Madrid, this species is classified as Endangered and is included in the LESRPE at the national level. In recent years, its population has shown a promising trend. Initially, There were only 25 individuals confined to the upper basins of the Jarama and Lozoya rivers.. However, now they have managed to expand their distribution throughout the Community of Madrid, including rivers such as the Guadarrama and the Manzanares.


El Climate change affects migratory birds and it is of utmost importance for its conservation.

Iberian Imperial Eagle

Iberian Imperial Eagle

The Iberian Peninsula is home to Aquila adalberti, a notable bird of prey commonly known as the Iberian imperial eagle. This magnificent creature, considered one of Europe's most iconic and endangered birds, occupies a special place in several regional, national and international catalogs and conventions, including the Birds Directive, the Berne Convention, the Bonn Conventions and CITES. The Community of Madrid has witnessed a significant increase in the number of registered eagle pairs, rising from 32 in 2009 to an impressive 83 in early 2023. Across the Iberian Peninsula, There are currently 841 pairs of eagles documented in 2023.

Bonelli's Eagle

The Bonelli's eagle, scientifically known as Hieraetus fasciatus, is a majestic bird of prey. It is a notable species of raptor that lives in the Mediterranean region. This impressive bird belongs to the Accipitridae family and has different physical characteristics.

Egyptian vulture

The Egyptian vulture, scientifically known as Neophron percnopterus, is a scavenging bird of prey that can be observed in different parts of Spain. With its striking features, which include predominantly white feathers, a featherless head and a curved yellow beak, This vulture has a unique and easily recognizable appearance.

Black Vulture

The Aegypus monachus, commonly known as the black vulture, is found in certain areas of Spain and is a magnificent bird of prey. With its dark feathers and feathered head, this vulture stands out as one of the largest species in Europe.

black stork

In Spain you can find the black stork, a species of migratory bird that lives in different areas. This graceful bird stands out for its impressive size, with a wingspan that can exceed 2 meters. Unlike the white stork, the black stork has predominantly black feathers, adorned with white spots on the belly and wings.

lesser kestrel

The lesser kestrel, scientifically called Falco naumanni, is a species of tiny falcon that can be observed in various parts of Spain. Its distinctive features include its small stature and its predominantly brown and grayish color with feathers, adorned with chestnut markings on the chest.


European Galapagos tortoise

The European Galapagos tortoise, also known as the European river turtle, is a species of aquatic turtle that faces an imminent threat of extinction in the Community of Madrid. In an effort to safeguard this extraordinary creature, the National Catalog has taken decisive action by upgrading its protection status to Vulnerable through Order TED/339/2023, issued on March 30. Recognized for its unique physical characteristics and notable ability to thrive in aquatic habitats, This turtle is a testament to the wonders of adaptation.

cow snake

The western cowsnake, also known as Macroprotodon brevis, is a moderately sized snake, measuring approximately 60 to 90 centimeters in length. Its body is slender and elongated, adorned with soft and shiny scales in brown or gray tones. A distinctive feature of this snake is the presence of a dark “cogull”-like marking located on the back of its head.


alpine newt

alpine newt

Mesotriton alpestris, commonly known as the alpine newt, is a type of newt that lives in various parts of Europe. It can be found in Spain, although its presence in the Community of Madrid is limited to a small area within the Peñalara Massif. This restricted distribution is probably the result of an introduction that took place in the early 20th century.

European tree frog

The European tree frog, also known as the San Antonio frog or Rana de San Antón, is a small to medium-sized frog, which It is about 2 to 3 centimeters long. Hyla molleri was previously believed to be a subspecies of Hyla arborea, but recent phylogeny studies have revealed that the slightly smaller species found on the Iberian Peninsula is actually Hyla molleri.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about the animals in danger of extinction in Madrid and their current status.

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