What are the smallest countries in the world


Among the countries considered the smallest in the world are the Vatican City, the Principality of Monaco and the Republic of San Marino. These independent states, despite their small populations, rank high on the list.

In this article we are going to tell you what are the smallest countries in the world and what characteristics they have.

What characteristics do the smallest countries in the world have?

The smallest countries in the world are nations that, while they may be tiny in terms of territory, often have unique and singular characteristics that distinguish them internationally. Although its geographic size may be limited, These countries often play significant roles in various aspects, from diplomacy to economics and culture.

One of the most notable aspects of small countries is their physical size. In many cases, these countries occupy very small territorial areas compared to other nations. Small countries play an important role in international politics and diplomacy. Some of them are active members of international organizations such as the United Nations and can influence global decisions despite their small size. They can also act as financial and service centers, attracting foreign investment and contributing significantly to the global economy, as is the case of Andorra.

The smallest countries in the world


With a total area of ​​316 km², this impressive country, made up of two islands called Malta and Gozo, as well as an archipelago, It houses a population of 535.468 people. However, this number is expected to grow as more and more people become captivated by the charm of this beautiful nation located in the southern region of Italy.

Despite the absence of rivers, this place has great importance due to its central location in the Mediterranean. Here is the smallest capital of the European Union, known as La Veleta.


With a population of 520.617 people and an area of ​​298 km², The Republic of Maldives is made up of a staggering 1.200 islands, of which only two hundred are inhabited. It should be noted that it holds the title of being the smallest country in all of Asia. This charming destination has a thriving seafood export industry that attracts many tourists, attracted by the fascinating turquoise hues of the surrounding waters. It is a sought-after retreat for newlyweds seeking a paradise to celebrate their honeymoon, as well as avid divers eager to explore its underwater wonders.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

With an area of ​​260 km² and a population of 47.775 inhabitants, These two islands are located in the Caribbean Sea. Their origins date back to Christopher Columbus, who claimed them for Europe. The largest island is named after the renowned explorer, while the smallest, Nevis, derives its name from the towering white clouds that adorn its volcanic peak. Extensive sugar cane fields thrive in this region.

Islas Marshall

With a population of 41.996 inhabitants and an area of ​​181 km², this country is known as a result of a legend about Captain John Marshall's visit to the island during the 5th century. Despite its small size, it comprises 29 islands and 1990 atolls, making it one of the smallest nations in the world. Its independence, achieved in XNUMX, marked a relatively recent triumph in successfully freeing itself from the United States.



With an area of ​​160 square kilometers and home to a population of 39.584 people, this region is nestled in the middle of the majestic peaks of the Alps, located between Austria and Switzerland. Its capital is Vaduz, while the bustling city of Schaan has the largest number of residents. Despite its rich cultural heritage and the presence of captivating art museums and excellent wines, this destination's fame does not come primarily from tourism. Instead, It has earned the reputation of being a sought-after tax haven. Today, it attracts a multitude of visitors who have a deep appreciation for the arts and delight in the pleasures of wine.

San Marino

The Most Serene Republic of San Marino, with a population of 33.600 inhabitants, occupies an area of ​​61 km² in the vicinity of Italian lands. San Marino, Borgo Maggiore and Monte Titano, all recognized as World Heritage Sites, constitute the historic center of the city.


With a population of 1.396 individuals, The ancient Ellice Islands cover an area of ​​26 km2. Located between Hawaii and Australia, these islands are scattered across atolls, making their inhabitants castaways who depend on marine resources and participate in international trade for their livelihood. In particular, this nation is one of the countries most susceptible to the dangers of global warming.



With a population of 12.780 and an area of ​​21 km², this state has a rich history. It was safeguarded by both the British and Australia, and during World War II it fell under Japanese occupation. However, in 1968 it achieved independence from Australia. At the moment, The inhabitants of this state have developed their own unique language, recognized as Nauruan.


With a population of 36.297 inhabitants, this city-state extends over an area of ​​2 km2 and is located between the picturesque Côte d'Azur, sharing borders with Italy and France. Within its boundaries are numerous captivating locations, including the famous Monte Carlo casino and the world's oldest oceanographic museum, established in 1910. Additionally, You can explore the charming gardens that offer stunning views and stroll through the narrow cobblestone streets of the old town.

Vatican City


At the forefront of the collection of the smallest nations of Europe, there is a genuine State. With an area of ​​just 0,44 km2, This tiny territory is home to only 519 individuals.. Founded in 1929, it is located in the center of Rome. The Holy See oversees its government, with Latin being the official language. St. Peter's Basilica and surrounding buildings occupy a substantial 70% of its land area.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about the smallest countries in the world and their characteristics.

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